Table of Contents
The Unthankful Man
SUMMARY IN ENGLISH
This is a story about thanklessness. Raman was a poor Brahmin who lived on the outskirts of a small town. He was so poor that he and his wife had to remain hungry for days together. His wife was fed up with their poverty. So Raman decided to go to a nearby town to look for a job. He passed through a village and stopped to rest and eat and heard some voice coming from the well. He peeped into the well and saw a tiger, a monkey, a snake and a man in the well.
The tiger begged the Brahmin to take him out of the well. He told him that he would never eat him. Raman took pity on the tiger and dragged him out of it. The Tiger thanked Raman and told him he should come to his cave whenever he needed his help. The tiger then walked away. Now, the monkey called Raman for help. The monkey was pulled out by Raman. The monkey vowed to help Raman in the hour of need. The monkey told Raman not to take the man out of the well because he was an ungrateful creature. Now, it was the turn of a snake to call for help. Raman took mercy on the serpent and pulled him out of the well. The snake also thanked him for his offer to help him out. He also warned Raman against pulling out the man.
At last, the man also called for help. Raman pulled him out of the well. The man told him he was a goldsmith from Varanasi, and he vowed to support him in the hour of need. Raman did not find a job in the city and wanted to move back home. He felt hungry in the forest, and he remembered the monkey. The monkey bought sweet and juicy mangoes for him, and Raman thanked him and went to the Tiger cave. The Tiger had given him a necklace to indicate that the necklace had been given to him by a prince whose life he had saved.
Raman was very pleased to receive the necklace. He recalled the goldsmith and went to see him. The goldsmith recognised the necklace and reported it to the king. He advised the king that the prince may have been killed by Raman. Raman has been arrested. Now he recalled what the animals had told him of the ungrateful man.
Raman now remembered the snake and called out to him. Snake emerged, and Raman told him what had happened to him. The snake had come up with a strategy. He told Raman that he was going to bite the queen and only his touch was going to cure her. The snake bit the queen, you know. She felt unconscious about it. The King announced that he would reward the person who cured the queen beautifully. Raman offered to assist the queen with that. He kissed the Queen’s forehead and she opened her eyes. The king was satisfied with the Raman. Raman narrated him the whole story. The King got angry when he told him the whole story. The King was furious with the goldsmith who had told the lie and betrayed the man who had helped him. The goldsmith was put in jail. The king gave Raman a handful of gold coins Raman went to his home and lived happily ever after
Meanings of Important Words
Outskirts: the outer area of a city, town, or village
Peep: to secretly look at
Steep: having a sharp slope
Depressed: unhappy and hopeless
Cell: a small room in a prison.
Plight: an unpleasant condition
Chamber: a special room
Maid: a female servant
Charge: formal accusation
Q.1.What was Raman’s wife fed up with?
Ans. Raman’s wife was fed up with their poverty.
Q.2.What did Raman see when he peeped into the well?
Ans. Raman saw a tiger, a monkey, a snake and a man in the well.
Q.3.Why was Raman scared of the snake?
Ans. Raman was scared of the snake because he thought that if he would save the snake, it will bite him.
Q.4.What did the monkey do when Raman was hungry?
Ans. Ramam told monkey that he had not eaten for several days. At once the monkey climbed up the tree and picked up sweet juicy mangoes for Raman. Raman ate the mangoes and satisfied his hunger.
Q.5.What did the tiger give him?
Ans. The tiger gave Raman a necklace which was given to him by a prince.
Q.6.What did the goldsmith do when Raman showed him the necklace?
Ans. The goldsmith went to the king and told him that Raman had killed the prince and stolen his necklace. The goldsmith got Raman arrested.
Q.7.How did Raman cure the queen?
Ans. Raman touched the queen’s forehead and she got cured.
Q.8.Why did the king send the goldsmith to jail?
Ans. The king sent the goldsmith to jail because he had got an innocent man arrested. He was cruel and ungrateful. He framed wrong charges against a man who had saved his life.
Who said the following and to whom?
a) “Why don’t you go to the nearby town and seek some job?”
Ans. Raman’s wife to Raman
b) “I live in Varanasi and I am a goldsmith by profession.”
Ans. Man in the well (goldsmith) to Raman
c) “Once, I saved a prince’s life. In return, he gave me this necklace.”
Ans. Tiger to Raman
d) “You have killed our prince and stolen his necklace.”
Ans. Guards to Raman
e) “How did you land up in the prison?”
Ans. King to Raman
f) “Go home and live happily.”
Ans. King to Raman
(b) Make sentences using the following phrasal verbs:
fed up with: He has become fed up with city life.
pass through: We have to pass through a tunnel on the way to Jammu.
help out: He helped me out of my trouble.
pull out: He pulled out the monkey from the well.
call out: I called out to him loudly.
slither away: The snake slithered away into the water.
wait for: Wait for me for a few minutes.
lock up: The thief was put into the lock-up.
wake up: His failure is a wake-up call for him. land up in His bad habits have landed in up in trouble.
peep into: The boy peeped into the room and was seen by the teacher.
lock up: The police put the thief in the lock-up.
take to: He has taken the insult to his heart.
slip into: I gradually slipped into slumber.
Look at the following examples:
The teacher said to the students, “let us read a poem today.”
The teacher proposed to the students that they should read a poem that day.
The teacher said, “let the boys go home.”
The teacher said that the boys might be allowed to go home.
Now report the following sentences in the same way:
1.“Let us push on a little further, “said Shabir.
Ans. Shabir proposed that they should push on a little further.
2. He said to me, “Let us wait for our friend.”
Ans. He suggested to me that we should wait for our friend.
3. Mubashir said, “Abuji, let us go to the Nishat Bagh.”
Ans. Mubashir proposed his father to go to the Nishat Bagh.
4.The boy said to the teacher, “Let me take my seat sir.”
Ans. The boy requested his teacher to let him take his seat.
5. Rashid said to Hamid, “Let me have a cup of tea.”
Ans. Rashid requested Hamid to let him have a cup of tea.
6. He said, “Let him run fast, he cannot catch the train.”
Ans. He said that however fast he might run he could not catch the train.
2. Let’s write
It was a chilly morning and I started for school…… hurry, join, close, scream, escape, help, thankful, etc
Form a story using the above-given verbs.
It was a chilly morning, and I started for school. It was too late, and we had a Debate in our school today as well. I hurried to school. I have been permitted to enter the school premises. But since I was a little late, I was not allowed to enter the Debate Hall and join the debate. There was another student, one of my classmates, who was also late. He was not permitted to enter the Debate Hall either. We were left in the school compound to stand still for half an hour. My classmate started screaming, and now he was thinking to escape from school. But before he could run away, our form-teacher came to our rescue. He helped us out and we were invited to enter the Debate Hall. We have been very thankful for our form-teacher.
Change of narration (Imperative sentences)
Sentences expressing command, order, advice, request etc. are usually called imperative sentences.
(a)When the Reported Speech is an Imperative sentence, the reporting verb said is changed to some verb expressing a command, request, and advice; as per the sense contained in the reported speech.
The verb may be selected from the following:
Request, ask, order, advise, command, beg, forbid, propose, suggest etc.
If the sense is not clear then we shall convert said into asked.
(b) The Imperative mood is changed into the ‘Infinitive’.
(c) The rules for change of pronouns remain the same i.e, the first person changes according to the subject of the reporting verb, second person changes according to the object of the reporting verb, the third person remains unchanged.
1.Direct: You said to him, “Lend me your pen.”
Indirect: You requested him to lend you his pen.
2. Direct: She said to me, “Have a glass of water.”
Indirect: She asked me to have a glass of water.
3. Direct: The teacher said, “Don’t make noise students.”
Indirect: The teacher forbade the students to make a noise.
4. Direct: Sanju said to her, “Have a cup of tea please.”
Indirect: Sanju requested her to have a cup of tea.
Change the following sentences into indirect speech:
1.He said to the children, “Do not disturb me.”
2.The master said to the servant, “Clean the dishes till I come back.”
3. He said to his friend, “Let us have a cup of coffee.”
4. Rita said to Suman, “Lend me your book please.”
5. Boy said to his father, “Forgive me please.”