Author Archives: SmartEnglishNotes


IELTS Speaking: Useful Sentences, Word-Groups, Phrases

Category : LESSONS

IELTS Speaking is one of the major hurdles on way to success for many of the candidates who wish to study in a foreign, english-speaking countries like Australia and others.

My English is good and I am good at writing too but when it comes to speaking, I have some fear. I do not do well.”

This is very common. There are many people who have a fear of speaking.

But, how this fear shall be overcome? The only solution is “Focus on Smart IELTS Preparation.” Of course, when you are prepared for it in advance, you will know what you are doing and you will not falter. That is the smartest trick.

So, how shall you prepare yourself for the IELTS speaking test?

It is important that you should first take yourself out of the shell of confusion and diffidence! Speak in the public. Do not be afraid of going wrong while speaking. When you speak and speak continuously, you develop the skills. Moreover, you will also feel confident in presenting yourself.

Preparation For IELTS Speaking Test

Preparation for the Speaking Test in IELTS can help you overcome your fear of speaking in front of the interviewer.

It is natural to feel a bit nervous but when you know you can perform well, you gain success.

Remember, there is nothing wrong in learning a few of the introductory phrases or some other useful phrases and sentences that you can supply while speaking to the interviewer.

You shall know how you are going to introduce yourself to the interviewer, what you will be talking about your friends or family members or about your city, if the interviewer need any info on the same.

When you want to express your views, suggestions or opinions, you can say as follows:

  • I would like to stress more on …

  • I would prefer …..

  • I believe that

  • I suppose it is

  • In my view

  • I am of the opinion

  • In my opinion

  • If you ask me, I would say

  • I think it is like

  • I feel it shall be

  • What I believe in and support is that

  • As I see it

  • Personally speaking

  • As far as I am concerned

  • If you ask me that,

How to introduce personal experiences?

You can introduce personal experiences as follows:

  • I remember,

  • I would like to talk about it. It has always been the best part of my memories

  • Oh, I can’t forget that day

  • That is the memorable experience in my life

  • Back when I was

  • One time, I was

  • As far as I remember

  • What happened was that

When you agree on something, you can say as follows:

  • I agree with you

  • I totally agree on this

  • You are absolutely right. That makes sense. I agree.

  • Absolutely, no doubt about it.

  • Precisely that.

  • Definitely

  • Absolutely that is what I wanted to say

When you disagree on anything, you say as follows:

  • I am sorry, I do not agree (I am afraid, I disagree with you on this)

  • I understand what you are saying but still, I feel that ……

  • That is not true.

  • It is not necessary but

  • I am afraid, I do not support this.

When you do not understand what the speaker is saying, feel free to ask. Following are some useful sentences that you can say:

  • I am sorry, I didn’t understand that.

  • I am afraid, I didn’t get that question.

  • Can you please, repeat that question for me?

  • Can you please, go over it again?

  • Can you explain your question?

  • What do you mean when you say………?

  • Can you say that again, please?

  • I am sorry, but can you rephrase that for me to help understand much better?

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Answered Questions of Living in the World of Four Senses

Category : LESSONS

Living in the World of Four Senses

Ans. 1. Every person remembers those persons who are affectionate to him during his childhood. He also remembers the pleasant and frolicsome episodes of this childhood.

Ans. 2. The author’s childhood was different from that of other children as he was having a prolonged sickness (Meningitis) so he went blind at the age of three, because of this he was deprived of all the sweet and pleasant things that a child loves and enjoys to do in his childhood.

Ans. 3. The author means to say that having no memories of seeing there was nothing to look back, nothing to miss.

Ans. 4. Author’s father wanted his transfer to Karnal because of friends and relatives, who came to sympathsize them which hurts them a lot so the wanted to live a peaceful and quiet life.

Ans. 5. In the beginning, it was tough for all the family members to have a blind person in their house and the only blind person the author’s parents have seen were began. Although the author was treated with great care and love after he turned blind.

Ans. 6. The author’s father himself being a doctor considered the treatment prescribed by hakims and pundits unscientific and irrelevant.

Ans. 7. When his mother used to shake her hand before him, putting switch on and off shows that the author developed a very keen sense of hearing.

Ans. 8. In the 1930s and 1940s in India, all blind people had turned to begging for their livelihood, or had become owners of Pan and Biri shops and spent their days rolling huts and condiments in a betel leaf or tobacco in a cigarette paper.

Ans. 9. The author was sent to Dadar school for Blind in Bombay that was nine hundred miles away from his home because his father knows that his staying at home would result in his father knew that his staying at home would result in his dependence on other family members. The author’s father further realized that his son would have difficulty in playing with normal children.



“The Emperor of Ice Cream” by Wallace Stevens : Summary and Questions

“The Emperor of Ice Cream” by Wallace Stevens

Vocabulary

concupiscent – lusty; full of desire protrude – stick out

affix – fasten

1. What kind of ceremony is taking place in this poem?

A wake is being held.

2. The speaker suggests that the girls wear their everyday dresses and that the boys bring flowers “in last month’s newspapers.” What does this say about his attitude towards ceremony and propriety?

Answers may vary. Example: The speaker scoffs a bit (but not scornfully) at the formal ceremony and he sees no reason to dress up the fact that a woman is dead.

3. What do you think the speaker means by the line “Let be be finale of seem”?

Answers may vary. Example: The speaker means that we should stop worrying about how things seem or look to others and simply let them be as they are.

4. What do you think the speaker means by the poem’s refrain of “The only emperor is the emperor of ice-cream”?

Answers may vary. Example: This assertion is related to the speaker’s suggestion that we let “be be finale of seem.” We invest emperors and ceremonies with ridiculous power and meaning, taking them too seriously. The speaker is pointing this out. Alternative interpretations abound:

• despite death, the sweetness of life still exists

• the only important thing is life

• the only important thing is death

• both life and the end of life are to be savored etc.


“Fog” by Carl Sandburg : Summary and Questions

“Fog” by Carl Sandburg

Vocabulary

haunches – hips and thighs

1. Is Sandburg’s comparison of the fog to a cat a metaphor or a simile?

Sandburg’s comparison is a metaphor.

2. Why do you think Sandburg chose to leave white space between the first two lines of the poem and the last four?

Answers may vary. Example: The white space slows the poem down and it mimics the creeping and measured silence of the cat-like fog.


Questions and Summary of “Poetry” by Marianne Moore

“Poetry” by Marianne Moore

Vocabulary

dilate – grow wider; expand

derivative – unoriginal

insolence – rudeness; arrogance

1. While Moore does not use meter in this poem, she does impose a strict form on it. How is the form achieved?

The form is achieved with the use of indentations, in the same place for each strophe.

2. What, according to the speaker, should ideally be like “imaginary gardens with real toads in them”? Explain the meaning of this phrase.

According to the speaker, poems should ideally be like imaginary gardens with real toads in them.

Answers may vary. Example: A poem should be unreal and illusory, but it should also be populated by actual feelings, characters, and concepts.


“The River-Merchant’s Wife: A Letter” by EzraPound: Questions and Summary

“The River-Merchant’s Wife: A Letter” by Ezra Pound

Vocabulary

eddies – currents

1. The first strophe of this poem ends with “Two small people, without dislike or suspicion.” The second begins with “At fourteen I married My Lord you.” Comment on the transition. What has changed about their relationship in addition to their getting married?

The transition is dramatic. The relationship between the people in the poem has changed as the boy is suddenly “My Lord.”

2. How do the butterflies “hurt” the river-merchant’s wife?

The butterflies hurt the river-merchant’s wife by being “paired,” as she misses being paired with her husband.


“anyone lived in a pretty how town” by e.e. cummings : Questions and Summary

“anyone lived in a pretty how town” by e.e. cummings

1. Who is “anyone”? Describe “anyone”’s relations to “noone.”

Anyone is a man who is different than anyone else in the town, and so he is hated. Anyone is loved by noone, as the line, “anyone’s any was all to her,” suggests.

2. What tense is the poem written in? Does the tense shift at all?

The poem is written in the past tense until “anyone” and “noone” are buried. The poem then becomes present for a single stanza, suggesting that death and the eternal life that follows is constantly ‘present.’

3. What does the rearrangement of the seasons and stellar beings suggest about time?

The rearrangements keep the same circular order, suggesting that time is also circular, yet ever-changing.

4. The only two capitalized words of the poem are “Women.” Why do you suppose Cummings capitalizes them?

The capitalizations both follow the only two full stops of the poem (periods). Cummings may be signifying the beginning quality of women, suggesting that everything, including the poem, begins with a woman.


“First Fig” by Edna St. Vincent Millay : Summary and Questions

“First Fig” by Edna St. Vincent Millay

Vocabulary
renascence – rebirth

1. Is the candle of the poem literal or figurative? Why do you think the author begins the poem with such a common cliché?

The candle is figurative.

Answers may vary. Example: Millay might have wanted a rhyme for “Friends”. However, the cliche does fit the sense of this very short poem.

2. Describe the voice and tone of the speaker.

Answers may vary. Example: The speaker is exuberant and unapologetic.

3. What is defended in this poem?

The poem defends the decision to live a very full and experimental, if fast, life.


“The Red Wheelbarrow” by William Carlos Williams : Summary and Questions

“The Red Wheelbarrow” by William Carlos Williams

1. Although we would call this a free verse poem, each strophe is precisely arranged in the same way as the others. What “form” do the strophes take?

The strophes each consist of two lines: the first with three words, the latter with one.

2. Why do you think Williams does not go into greater detail when describing the wheelbarrow and chickens? Why only tell us one thing about them (in this case, their colors)?

Answers may vary. Example: The spare details put the image into sharp focus; it becomes as vivid as a street sign.

3. “Wheelbarrow” is written as one word in the title, but divided in the second strophe. Why does Williams divide it in the body of the poem?

While “wheelbarrow” is usually written as one word, Williams divides it in the body of the poem to preserve the strophe’s form.

4. What is your interpretation of the poem?

Answers may vary. Examples:

• Much depends on the family farm.

• One person regrets leaving such an important object out in the rain.

• The colors red and white are symbolic of blood and purity, among many other things.


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