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The Merchant of Venice | Summary
The Merchant of Venice is an important lesson in your English textbook. It is a sixteenth-century romantic play written by the famous writer William Shakespeare. The name of the play is The Merchant of Venice. Before noting the textbook question we shall first know the narrative of the play. Here is the story.
Bassanio, a young Venetian, needs a loan of 3000 ducats to charm Portia, a wealthy Venetian heiress. He approaches Antonio, his most beloved friend, a merchant. Antonio has no cash, because all his wealth is invested in his fleet, which is in the sea right now. He goes to a Jewish cash moneylender, Shylock, who hates Antonio because of the anti – semitic behaviour of Antonio towards him.
Shylock, however, by consenting to make the short – term credit, makes a condition in a snapshot of dark sickness–the advance must be repaid in three months or Shylock extracts a pound of flesh from Antonio. Antonio agrees that his boats return in time. Because of the terms of the will of Portia’s father, all followers must choose among three caskets, one of which contains a portrait of her. If he chooses that he can marry Portia, but if he does not, he should promise never marry or court another lady.
The princes of Morocco and Arragon Don not pass the test and are dismissed. When Bassanio is ready for a trip to Belmont, his friend Lorenzo steals Shylock’s daughter, Jessica. Bassanio picks up her picture’s lead box and Portia agrees to marry him immediately.
In the meantime, two of Antonio’s boats were destroyed and the creditors of Antonio are putting pressure on him to pay back. Word comes to Bassanio about the predicament of Antonio and rushes back to Venice deserting Portia. Portia trails him, Nerissa accompanied by her maid. They are covered up as a male legal advisor and his agent. The date for Shylock’s reimbursement has passed when Bassanio arrives and Shylock demands his pound of flesh.
Despite the fact that Bassanio offers substantially more than the reimbursement amount, Shylock, now maddened by his girl’s loss, is determined to seek revenge for Christians. The duke is refusing to intervene. Portia comes to shield Antonio in her camouflage. Given the judgment expert of the Duke, Portia chooses that Shylock can have the pound of flesh, but does not draw blood because it is considered to be the law to shed the blood of a Christian.
Since it is clear Antonio Would die if he cuts off a pound of flesh from him, Shylock denies his case. In order to plan to kill a Venetian citizen, Portia also orders that he relinquish all his wealth. Half will go to Venice, and half will go to Antonio.
Antonio returns his half to Shylock on the basis that Shylock gives it to his disinherited daughter Jessica. Shylock was also supposed to convert to Christianity. A broken Shylock acknowledges. News arrives that the remaining boats of Antonio have returned safely. Except for Shylock, everyone celebrates a happy ending of the affair.
The Merchant of Venice |NEXT Solutions
1. Why does Shylock hate Antonio?
Answer: Shylock hates Antonio because he gives money to distressed people and does not charge any interest for the money he lends. Shylock, a hard – hearted man, pays with great severity for the money he lends. Since Antonio is generous, he earns a lot of Shylock’s hatred.
2. Ho does Antonio help Bassanio?
Answer: Bassanio wants to travel to Balmont to offer a rich and lovely girl named Portia. However, he has no money to make himself as rich and important as her other followers. He goes to Antonio for money borrowing. Antonio has no money this time, so he decides to borrow the money from an old jew named Shylock for Bassanio. Shylock lends the money to Antonio on the condition that if he does not repay the money by a certain day, he will forfeit a pound of flesh as a penalty to be cut out of any part of his body that Shylock desires.
3. How does Shylock feel when Antonio asks for some money? Why is he interested to pay the required sum ?
Answer: When Antonio asks Shylock to borrow him some money, he is delighted. He thinks he’ll feed the old grudge if he can catch him on the hip. Shylock reminds Antonio of his insults at the hands of him. Shylock finds an option to vindicate Antonio by paying him the money for any interest. He nevertheless makes him sign a bond that if he does not repay the money by a certain day, he must forfeit a pound of flesh to be cut off from any part of his body.
4. How does Bassanio marry Portia?
Answer: Bassanio loves Portia. However, he feels frightened to propose her. He needs some money to look as rich and important as other followers. He’s going to Antonio to get the money. Antonio has, this time , no cash at hand. He approaches an old jew, Shylock for the money. Shylock gives him the money on a serious condition that he must forfeit his pound of flesh as a penalty if he fails to repay the debt on time. So Antonio arranges the money for his friend at the expense of his life. Bassanio takes the money and reaches Belmont. The borrowed elegance impresses Portia. The girl is in love with him and they are both married.
5. Why is the case brought before the duke of Venice?
Answer: Since the three months mentioned in the bond pass, Antonio fails to reimburse the borrowed money. Shylock files a case against him before the Duke of Venice claiming the penalty of a pound of the flesh of Antonio.
7. Who is disguised as the learned counsellor (Dr Balthasar) ? Why has he come to the court of Venice?
Answer: Portia is disguised as a trained consultant, Dr. Balthasar. He came to the court to plead Antonio’s case, who failed to repay the debt and faces trial.
8. How does the counsellor start the argument, and how was he able to get the judgement in Antonio’s favour?
Answer: The counselor begins his argument in favour of Shylock and says that he is in fact entitled to claim his pound. He calls on Shylock to have mercy on Antonio in the same breath. Shylock is not moved by the appeal of the counselors and his knife continues to sharpen. However, the counselor turns the tide against him when he discovers a new point.He urges Shylock not to shed a single drop of Antonio’s blood by cutting a pound of flesh out of his body. The counselor tells the court that it is the flesh not the blood mentioned in the bond. This wise finding of the counselor enables him to obtain judgment in favour of Antonio.
9. How does Portia get back her ring?
Answer: After Portia won the case for Antonio in the disguise of a lawyer, Bassanio thanks her. He requires her to accept a gift that Portia refuses to accept. When Bassanio insists on her, she tells her to put the rig on her finger. Bassanio feels hesitant, but Antonio recommends that he give it to the lawyer, because he has done a great service. Portia gets her ring back, this way.
10. Describe the theme of the play “the Merchant of the Venice”.
Answer: The play ” Venice’s merchant ” revolves around three themes: love, sacrifice and hate. The beginning of the play describes Antonio’s hatred of an old jew, Shylock, who charges the needy with a very high interest rate on his loan money. Shylock also has a plan to vindicate Antonio’s hatred.
The play also emphasizes the sincere love of Bassanio for Portia. He won’t lose her beloved at any cost. Sacrifice is another theme which is reflected in the play. Antonio is a sacrificial epitome. He lends his money to the needy with interest charges. He risks his life and borrows money from a cruel Jew for his bosom friend, this he does to see his friend winning Portia’s love.
The Merchant of Venice | Character Sketch of Shylock
The jew, Shylock lived in Venice. He was a professional usurer. He had amassed an immense fortune by lending money to christian merchants at high interest rates. As a hard – hearted man, he demanded that the money he lent should be paid so severely that all good men disliked him very much. Antonio also had his hard hearts to reproach him. In the entire city of Venice, Shylock was accused of being selfish.
With Antonio, Shylock had tremendous enmity. He cooked revenge against him, for which he always wanted the chance. This opportunity came when Antonio appealed to him to have three thousand ducats needed. Shylock made Antonio sign a bond that he would have to forfeit a pound of flesh if he failed to repay the money on a certain day. Luck went the way of Shylock. The money was not repaid by Antonio. Shylock brought the case to the duke of Venice, who claimed the penalty
The enemies met in court next. In order to nourish his greed, Shylock sharpened his knife to Antonio’s dismay. He looked forward to seeing Antonio die at his feet, but that couldn’t happen. The counselor turned the table against Shylock by saying that Shylock could cut from Antonio’s breast his pound of flesh, but he must not shed even a single drop of Antonio’s blood. This sabotaged Shylock’s conspiracy, because it was impossible for him to cut the flesh and shed some blood.
Shylock suffered another setback after this, when the young counselor charged him with conspiring against the life of a christian and a Venice citizen. In addition to this, he demanded that Shylock be sentenced to death and that his entire property be seized. The cruel merchant thus met a terrible end.