In the previous post we learned about gerund. In this post we shall learn about participles. Let’s start.

Participles And Its Types


A participle is a verbal adjective. It is by birth a verb, but mostly serves nouns and pronouns as an adjective does.


Read the following sentences:

a. Hearing the noise the boy woke up.
b. I watch an exciting match.
c. On hearing the bell we come out.
d. Driven by sorrow she burst into tears.
e. Having completed my ink I went out.

The verbs underlined like hearing, exciting, hearing, driven, having completed are finite verbs which work as adjectives since they qualify the nouns like “the boy”, “match”, “we”, “she”, “I” respectively. They are called participle. Thus a participle is a word which is partly a verb and partly and adjective. A participle functions both as a noun and an adjective.

What Are Participles and What Are Its Types 1

Some examples of present participles:

i. We met a girl carrying basket of flowers.
ii. Leaving behind, they moved on.
iii. The child, thinking all was safe, attempted to cross the road.
iv. Walking by a play field, he was hit by a ball.
v. A rolling stone gathers no mass.
vi. She being honest can be trusted.

vi. A duck is a swimming bird.

The underlined verbs are present participles. They represent the action which are going on or incomplete or imperfect.

Some examples of past participles:
i. Driven by hunger, he stole a piece of bread.
ii. He saw a few trees laden with fruits.
iii. He was going to sit on a broken chair.
iv. Time missspent is time lost.
v. Deceived by his friends, ha lost all hope.

The underlined verbs are past participles. They represent the action which are completed actions of state of things spoken of.

READ ALSO:  State Verbs in English With Examples and Solved Quiz

Note:-Past participle usually ends in ed, d, t, en, ot, n.

Some examples of perfect participle:
i. Having rested, we continued our journey.
ii. Having entered his room, he put on some music.
iii. Having listened to him, I offered him some advice.
iv. The sun having risen, we started our journey.

Participle adjectives:
The participles that are used as simple qualifying adjectives in front of a noun are called participle adjectives.

Examples:
We had a drink of sparkling water.
• His tattled coat needs mending.
• He played a losing game.
• He wears a worried look.
• Education is the most pressing need of our country.
• Lying witness ought to be punished.

Read Also: Gerund

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