500 + Words Essay on Republic Day

India commemorates Republic Day on January 26 each year with pride, fervour, and honour to remember the day the Indian constitution came into existence. On 26th January 1950, three years after independence, India declared itself a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic. It is a national holiday, and the country commemorates the auspicious occasion of its transformation into the world’s largest democracy.

Even though India gained independence on August 15, 1947, it lacked a detailed constitution and lacked authorities and political powers to govern the country. Until then, we amended and modified the 1935 Government of India Act for administrative and legislative purposes. These improvements benefited colonial administration and necessitated the establishment of a well-established permanent constitution.

As a result, on August 28, 1947, India established a constitutional drafting committee led by Dr B. R. Ambedkar. On November 4, 1947, the constitutional commission delivered the document to the Constituent Assembly. The entire process took 166 days and involved a laborious process in which the committee had public sessions.

It was a difficult task for the constitutional committee, as it had to balance the interests of numerous religions, cultures, languages, socioeconomic classes, castes, and creeds, as well as minute issues that could jeopardise the social fabric of the community.

Finally, on 24th January 1950, the three hundred and eight members of the committee unanimously approved and signed two handwritten versions of the document, one in Hindi and one in English. Coincidentally, the Indian constitution was formally given to the nation on January 26, 1950.

Additionally, the Indian parliament began its inaugural session on the same day, and Dr Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the Republic of India’s first president. This event ushered in the birth of sovereign India, signalling the end of the British Raj and the transformation of India into a Republic State.

Each year on January 26, India celebrates Republic Day with zeal. Regardless of their geography, religion, caste, language, or skin colour, all Indians come together in their variety and patriotic spirit to celebrate the national Republic Day on a global scale. The most significant events take place in New Delhi, India’s capital city, with the Republic Day Parade exhibiting the military power and cultural variety of the country.

The Ministry of Defense organises the Delhi Republic Day parade, which features active participation by three military units, semi-military units, the National Cadet Corps, and various paramilitary units and floats along Rajpath, which begins at Rasina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan and ends at Red Fort. Additionally, the procession includes a performance by each state in their cultural flair.

The ceremony begins with the Prime Minister laying a wreath at Amar Jawan Jyothi in memory of the martyrs who gave their lives for the country. Later, the Prime Minister receives the President of India, who serves as the occasion’s primary guest.

The President then hoists the national flag, which is followed by 21 gun salutes and the playing of the national anthem by the military band. Another feature of the event is the presentation of bravery awards like the Veer Chakra, Kirti Chakra, and others.

India invites some of the world’s most dignified state chiefs as top guests to witness the gala celebration, which highlights India’s cultural riches and military power. The choice of the chief guest sends a significant political message to the globe, and it always represents the country’s political and strategic relationship.


Indians celebrate Republic Day with zeal, but let us not forget the hard road to independence and the struggles of our forebears to establish the country as a sovereign state. It is a day for all Indians to commemorate the essence of liberty and to propel India ahead in pursuit of our forefathers’ ideal.

700 + Words Essay of Republic Day

The term “Republic” refers to a country in which supreme power is exercised by the people or their chosen representatives, or by an elected or nominated President, rather than by a permanent head such as the British King or Queen. India is a significant republican country in the world. Republic Day is observed annually in India on 26 January in New Delhi with considerable pomp and circumstance. Citizens of India passionately mark Republic Day as one of the country’s most important national festivities. This national holiday is also enthusiastically observed throughout the country and in all administrative entities, including capital cities, district headquarters, sub-divisions, panchayats, and educational institutions. 26th January 1950 is a significant event in Indian history since it was on this date that India’s constitution came into force, establishing India as a legitimately autonomous state. On that day, the people of India realised Mahatma Gandhi’s and the innumerable Dr Ratnakar Mohapatra liberation fighters’ aspiration of achieving independence for our homeland.

The 26th of January of each year has been designated as India’s Republic Day. Republic Day is an Indian national holiday commemorating the ratification of the Indian constitution and the country’s transition from British dominion to the republic on 26th January 1950. This event is usually a solemn reflection of the martyrs who gave their lives for the cause of freedom and subsequent battles. On Republic Day, nationalists renew their commitment to independence. Republic Day is a day devoid of speeches. It is the only event in which discourse takes a back seat to images. This national celebration, held in Delhi and state capitals, is centred on a parade in which all branches of the military, the National Civilian Corps, school students, and cultural groups participate, followed by a display of tableaux and folk dances. Prior to delving into the subject, it is necessary to explore briefly the key elements of India’s constitution, in recognition of which Republic Day is observed throughout the country.

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Significant Features of India’s Constitution

India attained her long-desired independence on 15 August 1947, following a protracted fight. August 15th is commemorated as a significant national event to honour the beginning of the world’s largest democracy. Our liberators liberated India from British Dominion. Following that, we may ascend to the throne of our country. India was previously governed under a constitution drafted by the British. At the Indian National Congress’s Lahore session on December 31, 1929, at midnight, President Jawaharlal Neheru revealed the congress’s policy of India achieving complete independence. ‘Complete independence from British rule and imperialism‘ was to be the goal. Mahatma Gandhi also introduced his famous resolution on ‘Purna Swaraj’ during that historic session. Congress passed a resolution on Purna Swaraj on the final day of 1929. The Congress President Jawaharlal Nehru raised the tricolour national flag, symbolising independence, as thundering cries of ‘Inquilab Zindabad‘ or long live India from countless throats. Nationalists initially honoured 26 January 1930 as the day of Purna Swaraj, or Complete Independence. On that historic day, nationalists also pledged their independence. The promise recognised ‘liberty as an inalienable right of the Indian people‘ and chastised foreign governments for controlling India. As a result of Gandhi’s earnest consideration, a commitment was made that every year on January 26, the Republican Day would be observed and that the people would work ceaselessly for the building of a Sovereign, Democratic Republic of India.

Despite the fact that India gained independence on August 15, 1947, it lacked a permanent constitution. A Constituent Assembly was tasked with the responsibility of drafting a new constitution for independent India. On August 29, 1947, a Drafting Committee headed by Dr B.R. Ambedkar was constituted to design a permanent Constitution. The Committee drafted a draught constitution and presented it to the Assembly on November 4, 1947. The Assembly met in open session for 166 days over two years, eleven months, and eighteen days prior to enacting the Constitution. On January 24, 1950, after lengthy deliberations and various amendments, the Assembly’s 308 members signed two handwritten versions of the document (one in Hindi and one in English). Two days later, the Indian Constitution became the supreme law of all Indian lands. India’s constitution took effect on 26th January 1950. Rajendra Prasad was elected President of India on January 26, 1950. This was a planned move of signing the Constitution on 26th January in order to honour and appreciate the freedom warriors who desired 26th January as India’s first Independence Day. Thus, on 26th January 1950, India declared herself a Republic State. As a result, August 15th is honoured as India’s Independence Day, whereas January 26th is observed as India’s Republic Day.

India’s Constitution is the world’s longest and most detailed document. The document was created by a galaxy of India’s finest leaders gathered in the Constituent Assembly following a thorough examination of all known foreign constitutions. Originally, the Indian Constitution included 395 articles divided into twenty-two sections and ten schedules. Numerous revisions have been made since then, and some provisions have been removed. India is defined in the preamble as a Sovereign Democratic Republic State. The preamble is a vital section of the constitution, stating the Constitution’s purposes and objectives. The constitution’s preamble states: “we, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens.”

Justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity are the four pillars of democracy, and they are the primary objectives of the Indian Constitution. Social, economic, and political justice; freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship; and equality of status and opportunity for all. Fraternity secures both the individual and the nation’s unity is dignity. India’s Dominion Status, established by the 1947 Independence Act, has been abolished, and India has been elevated to the status of a full-fledged State with all the attributes of sovereignty. The term ‘Democratic’ denotes that true power originates with the people. The Constitution establishes universal adult franchise and empowers the adult population of the country to elect representatives to the Union Parliament and State Legislatures in periodic elections held every five years. Thus, for the first time in India’s lengthy history, democracy with all its attendant representative institutions was introduced in this manner. Indeed, the Indian Constitution is a complex constitution derived from a variety of sources. It contains extensive documentation on the fundamental rights of individuals and the guiding principles of state policy.

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Observing the Constitution of independent India, a constitutional authority in the United States Granville Austin regarded Dr B.R. Ambedkar’s Indian Constitution as “first and foremost a social document.” The majority of India’s Constitutional provisions are either directly related to or strive to foment social revolution by setting conditions conducive to its accomplishment. Similarly, Sir Anthony Eden, the British Prime Minister from April 1955 to January 1957, stated 3of all the experiments in governance attempted since the dawn of time, I believe that the Indian foray into parliamentary government is the most fascinating. A large subcontinent is attempting to apply a system of free democracy to its tens and thousands of millions. Attempting to do so is a courageous act. The Indian venture is not a weak replica of our domestic practice, but an amplified and compounded version on a scale hitherto unimaginable. If it succeeds, its long-term influence on Asia will be incalculable. Regardless of the outcome, we must respect those who make the try.’ India’s Constitution is famous for its own distinct characteristics. According to B.L.Mitter, some of the Constitution of India’s distinguishing features include the abolition of the princely order, people’s sovereignty, universal adult suffrage, the joint electorate, the abolition of the Privy Council’s jurisdiction and the establishment of the Supreme Court in its place, the abolition of titles and untouchability, civil equality regardless of religion, the enumeration of fundamental rights, the establishment of directive principles of state policy, and In practice, the Indian constitution is unparalleled in the world, notable for safeguarding the fundamental rights of our country’s residents. Given the significance of the Indian Constitution, the Constitution’s effective date is widely observed as India’s Republic Day.

Republic Day Celebrations in the National Capital

The capital, New Delhi, is the site of all national ceremonies. The Republic Day of India, which began on 26th January 1950, commemorates the promulgation of the Indian Constitution. It is now considered one of India’s three national holidays. Since 26th January 1950, Republic Day has been commemorated with great patriotic zeal throughout India on the 26th of January. It is our country’s premier national celebration. To commemorate the anniversary, a major procession is organised each year in New Delhi’s capital, starting at the Raisinia hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s residence), continuing along the Rajpath, through India Gate, and ending at the historic Red Fort. On Republic Day, New Delhi’s capital city witnesses one of the most magnificent parades. The various regiments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force march in the parade dressed in their finest and official decorations; even the cavalry horses are tastefully caparisoned for the occasion. The crème de la crème of North Carolina Cadets picked from throughout the country regard participation in this event as an honour. Schoolchildren from the capital’s many schools enthusiastically participate in the march. Police officers, ex-servicemen, and Scouts all march in the parade with patriotic zeal. They spend many days preparing for the event, and no cost is spent to ensure that every detail is taken care of, including the necessary props and uniforms. Seating is arranged on the lawns near the Red Fort. On the designated day, before to the start of the function, the VIPs take their seats. Prime Minister Narendra Modi places a wreath on the Jawan-Jyoti. The festivities begin with the President’s address to the nation. The occasion always begins with a sad commemoration of the role and sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the cause of the country during the liberation struggle and subsequent conflicts for the defence of their motherland’s sovereignty. The Prime Minister conveys his profound admiration for the martyrs. At approximately 8:00 a.m., the President arrives in his horse-drawn coach. The President’s coach is escorted by mounted bodyguards dressed in uniform. At the saluting base, the Prime Minister greets the President. As the President ascends the saluting base, he or she receives a twenty-one gun salute. The Indian President unfurls the national flag to the accompaniment of the national anthem. Helicopters sprinkling flower petals from the sky. At an outstanding procession, the President salutes. The President then steps forward to present bravery medals to members of the armed services for their remarkable courage on the battlefield, as well as to civilians who have distinguished themselves by various acts of valour in various situations. The President addresses the crowd with a passionate speech about the significance of Republic Day.

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The procession is followed by a pageant with stunning exhibits from all the states. These moving displays depict glimpses of everyday life in various states, as well as the music and songs associated with those states. Each display highlights the diversity and depth of Indian culture, and the entire presentation offers the occasion a joyous aura. Following the military programme is a vibrant cultural programme. The Parade also serves as a showcase for India’s military might, with a variety of armaments, ammunition, tanks, and fighter planes, some of which are indigenously developed, paraded. The most advanced war weaponry slowly pass by the saluting base. The band performs martial music. Armed forces shift their gaze toward the President as they pass the saluting base. The commanding officer extends a salute and continues marching. Hundreds of schoolchildren pass by wearing vibrant outfits and waving flags. Additionally, folk dancers from several states pass on.

In summary, the most dramatic celebrations in the capital Delhi include the march past of the three military forces, a big parade, and folk dances performed by tribal people from many regions in picturesque traditions commemorating India’s cultural unity. Additionally, the celebration concludes with a streak of Indian Air Force jets leaving a trail of coloured smoke.

Republic Day observance at Educational Establishments

January 26 is also recognised as India’s Republic Day in all schools, colleges, universities, and other technical establishments throughout the country. On that day, the institution’s leader unfurls the national flag and accepts the students’ salutes. He speaks to the kids about the Republic Day objectives and also recalls the selfless sacrifices of our country’s martyrs and liberation fighters. In various educational institutions, the head of the institution awards prizes to students who have participated in previous competitions. Following that, numerous cultural programmes are organised to enhance the day’s attraction for viewers.

As a Social Event

India’s Republic Day has evolved into a social event in which people engage wholeheartedly as spectators. The celebratory mosaic is peppered with a variety of activities. Though the procession is the primary event, numerous events begin early in the morning with Prabhat pheris (morning rounds) followed by a tribute to Gandhi. The parade is followed by afternoon sporting events. At home, festivities at the Raj Bhavan, District Magistrates’ offices, and SDM’s are followed by the illumination of public structures at State Capitals and Administrative Headquarters.

Today, the people’s patriotic zeal unites the entire country, despite its inherent diversity. Every region of the country is represented, making Republic Day the most popular of India’s national holidays. At the grassroots level, Republic Day is honoured in households, housing colonies, schools, colleges, universities, and a variety of other institutions.

Republic Day celebrations have earned worldwide recognition as one of the finest exhibitions on earth, attracting thousands of eager spectators from around the country and many areas of the world. No other country can boast such a plethora of tribal customs and cultures, as well as such a variety of regional dances and costumes. And no other country in the world can exhibit such a diverse range of ethnic groups in such magnificent uniforms as India’s Armed Forces. However, they are all linked by their shown commitment to the elected government and their historic traditions.

Republic Day celebrations are inclusive and inclusive; youngsters play a significant role. Colourful costumes and folk dances demonstrate the diversity of culture. Tradition prevails alongside a dash of modernity, as evidenced by the display of might (latest defence gadgetry and acquisitions), technology, and capacity for expansion in different industries. The Parade is a representation of might, while the tableaux are dominated by cultural motifs.

As a Day of the People

India’s Republic Day can be called a people’s holiday. The Indian constitution, whose promulgation is commemorated, is extremely emblematic of the goals held dear by 3we, the people of India. It quietly ushered in a social revolution by elevating the person from a colonial empire’s subject to a free country’s citizen. The Constitution established the mechanism of government and the citizen-state relationship. It works to ensure justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity, as well as the individual’s dignity, by endowing citizens with fundamental rights. All distinctions of class, rank, creed, colour, and sex were eliminated by the Constitution. It prohibited untouchability, a heinous societal practice that had resulted in social discrimination and tensions. In fact, our country’s supreme law is the Constitution. As a result, Republic Day is sacred due to its historical significance. India’s current programmes are a result of the Constitution. She can construct her destiny upon the tenets embodied therein. It is a day when the country’s citizen is paramount.

He can display the national flag symbolically on his vehicle and at the roof of his residence. It is a tremendous honour. Republic Day is a public holiday that everyone is entitled to enjoy. Unsurprisingly, the mood is celebratory and recreational. On that day, picnics are prevalent in society.

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