National Constitution Day Essay
National Constitution Day, also known as National Law Day or Samvidhan Diwas, is observed annually on November 26th to commemorate the promulgation of the Indian Constitution. Republic Day is observed on 26 January 1950, the date on which India’s constitution was formally implemented in practise.
Our constitution dates all the way back to before 1947, when we declared independence from the British. When the Quit India Movement and India’s freedom war began, lawyers and other intellectuals in the country, led by Dr BR Ambedkar, began preparing the Indian constitution.
There is a two-month gap between National Constitution Day and Republic Day, and during this time period, India’s massive constitution was thoroughly reviewed and translated from English to Hindi and other languages. At the time, the legislature met for around 11 months before adopting the constitution on national constitution day. The constitution was fully approved in 1950, following its passage and acceptance by India’s constituent parliament. When the constitution was enacted on January 26th, many critics expressed reservations, and problems concerning language, rights, minorities, and the entire political system were debated in Parliament and throughout the country.
In 2015, the 26th November was designated as Constitution Day to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Dr BR Ambedkar, the father of the Indian Constitution. This day honours BR Ambedkar as well as the values embodied in the Indian Constitution. Ambedkar was a well-known politician, jurist, and reformer who served as a sort of gladiator for India’s underprivileged sections and is thus rightfully referred to as the “father of the Indian constitution” because he headed the constitution’s drafting committee on August 29th, 1947, just days after India gained independence.
The Indian Constitution is one of the largest in the world, as its creator drew inspiration from the American, British, and Japanese constitutions. One may argue that the Indian Constitution is a synthesis of the world’s best constitutions. The Indian Constitution provides and guarantees a limited number of fundamental rights to citizens, which the state and federal governments are responsible for implementing in practise and spirit. Any attack on the nation’s democratic and secular fabric should be opposed, because undermining India’s democracy undermines the country’s constitution.
To end, I would like to mention that the constitution is the soul of the country and the only book that Indian institutions such as the Supreme Court, the assembly, and the various state and district administrations should consult. There is no substitute for India’s constitution, and it is the supreme authority under which the Indian government should operate. When the Indian constitution is not implemented in spirit and in practise, a government or a country crosses the line into fascism and authoritarianism.