Types of Prepositions

Prepositions can be arranged in the following classes:-

Simple prepositions:-These prepositions are usually monosyllabic words; as:

At, by, for, from, in, of, off, on, out, through, to, up, with.

Some example sentences:

  • Davood drove the car on the race track.
  • Jozy leaves for work at 8.00 am everyday.
  • Saika brushes her hair with a special brush.

Compound prepositions:– These prepositions are generally formed by prefixing a preposition (usually a = no or be = by) to a word; as:

About, above, across, along, amidst, among, amongst, around, before, behind, below, throughout, beneath, beside, between, beyond, inside, outside, underneath, within, without, into

Some Example sentences of Compound Prepositions

  • Davood drove the car into the shed.
  • Rutba brushes her hair throughout the day.
  • I saw her outside the classroom

Phrase Prepositions:-These prepositions are collections of words used with the force of a single preposition; as:

According to, in accordance with, in course of, in order to, by virtue of, in comparison to, because of, for the sake of, instead of, in addition to, by means of etc.

Some Example Phrase Prepositions:

i. According to his teacher he is a good student.

ii. The students acted according to the instruction of the principal.

iii. On behalf of the staff he read address.

iv. He succeeded in Inspite of the difficulties.

v. In course of time he identified his mistake.

vi. There is a chinar tree in front of my home.

vii. By virtue of the power vested in me, I hereby order.

Participial Prepositions:- Participial prepositions are present participles of certain verbs that function as a preposition, such as: during, regarding, barring, respecting or considering.

  • Javid drove the car during the thunder storm.
  • Jozy works hard considering his age.
  • Birbal will travel overseas barring sickness.
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Can you do now?

Find out prepositions in the following sentences and the words which each preposition governs.

i. Rahil is under the car.

ii. Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.

iii. Rain, rain go to Spain.

iv. Little jack Horner sat on a corner.

v. The little girl sat under a chinar tree.

vi. Into the street the piper slept.

vii. Mine be home beside the hill.

viii. The crazy girl laughs at me.

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