100 + Words  Essay on Joe Biden for Students and Children

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr., commonly referred to as Joe Biden, was born on November 20, 1942, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is an American politician who currently serves as the 46th President of the United States of America. Biden is a Democrat who was previously Barack Obama’s 47th vice president, serving from 2009 until 2017. He served in the United States Senate from 1973 to 2009. Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris defeated incumbent President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence in the 2020 presidential election.

Early Life

Biden was raised in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and New Castle county, Delaware. He graduated from the University of Delaware with a bachelor’s degree in 1965 and from Syracuse University in New York with a law degree in 1968. During this time period, he married Neilia Hunter (1966), with whom he had three children.

Biden returned to Delaware after law school to serve as an attorney before rapidly transitioning to politics, serving on the New Castle county council from 1970 to 1972. At the age of 29, he was elected to the United States Senate, becoming the fifth-youngest senator in history. A month later, his wife and infant daughter died in a vehicle accident, and his two boys sustained critical injuries. Although he considered retiring from politics, Biden was convinced to join the Senate in 1973 and went on to win six reelections, becoming Delaware’s longest-serving senator. He married educator Jill Jacobs in 1977 and the couple later had a daughter. In addition to his job as a United States senator, Biden served as an adjunct lecturer at the Widener University School of Law’s Wilmington, Delaware, campus from 1991 to 2008.

Biden concentrated his efforts as a senator on foreign policy, criminal justice, and drug policy. He served on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, twice as chair (2001–03 and 2007–09), and the Senate Judiciary Committee, where he served as chair from 1987 to 1995. He was notably outspoken on matters relating to the late-1990s Kosovo conflict, pushing the US to intervene against Serbian forces in order to defend Kosovars from an onslaught led by Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic. Biden presented a division plan during the Iraq War (2003–11) in order to keep a united, peaceful Iraq. Biden was also a member of the International Narcotics Control Caucus and was the primary author of the legislation creating the position of “drug czar,” which controls the country’s drug-control policies.

Presidential Campaigns and Vice-Presidential Elections

Biden ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 but withdrew after it was revealed that portions of his campaign stump speech were copied without proper attribution from British Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock. His 2008 presidential campaign never gained traction, and he withdrew from the race in January after finishing fifth in the Iowa Democratic caucuses. (For coverage of the 2008 presidential election, see The 2008 United States Presidential Election.) Biden emerged as a front-runner to be Barack Obama’s vice presidential running mate after Obama gathered enough delegates to secure the Democratic presidential nomination. On August 23, Obama announced Biden’s selection as the Democratic Party’s vice-presidential contender, and on August 27, Obama and Biden clinched the Democratic nomination. On November 4, the Obama-Biden ticket handily defeated John McCain and his running mate, Sarah Palin, and Biden was re-elected to his United States Senate seat. On January 20, 2009, he resigned from the Senate just before taking the oath of office as vice president. In November 2012, Obama and Biden were re-elected to a second term, defeating Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan’s Republican ticket.

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Vice President Joe Biden of the United States (right) with his wife, Jill Biden (second from right), Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (centre) and his wife, Gursharan Kaur (second from left), and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (left), 2009.

Jill and Joe Biden (left) and Barack and Michelle Obama (right) wave to the crowd at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., on January 18, 2009.

Biden was an active member of the administration during his tenure as vice president, functioning as an influential adviser to Obama and a loud backer of his projects. Additionally, he was given noteworthy duties. He averted multiple budget problems and was instrumental in formulating a US strategy toward Iraq. In 2015, Biden’s eldest son, Beau, died of brain cancer; the event was chronicled in Promise Me, Dad: A Year of Hope, Hardship, and Purpose (2017). Several months later, Biden—who maintained high favorability ratings in part because of his candour and amiable demeanour—announced his withdrawal from the 2016 presidential election, citing the family’s ongoing grief. Rather than that, he campaigned for Hillary Clinton, who was ultimately defeated by Donald Trump.

President Barack Obama (centre left) and Vice President Joe Biden (centre right) react to the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act by the United States House of Representatives on March 21, 2010.

Biden’s tight friendship with Obama was demonstrated when the latter presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, with distinction, on January 12, 2017, just days before they departed office. When Obama bestowed the honour on Biden, he addressed to him as “my brother.” Later the same year, Biden and his wife founded the Biden Foundation, a charity organisation dedicated to a variety of issues.

2020 Presidential Election

Biden stayed politically active and was an outspoken critic of President Donald Trump. Biden came under fire in 2019 after multiple women accused him of inappropriate physical contact, particularly hugging and kissing. Although his response—”I am sorry I did not understand more….”—was widely mocked, I make no apologies for whatever I have ever done. I have never intended to be insulting to a man or a woman”—his popularity remained strong. Biden launched his candidacy for President in 2020 in April 2019, joining a crowded Democratic field.

Biden quickly established himself as a front-runner, and he ran on a moderate platform, particularly in comparison to rivals such as Bernie Sanders. However, a lacklustre performance in the party’s first debate in June 2019 cast doubt on Biden, and his popularity plummeted. Sanders appeared to be on track to become the party’s nominee following the first three nomination contests in early 2020. Concerns about Sanders’ general election viability mobilised moderate Democrats, and Biden earned a resounding victory in South Carolina in late February. Numerous contenders then withdrew, and by early March, the campaign was narrowed to a two-man race between Biden and Sanders. As Biden amassed further victories, he quickly established a commanding lead in delegates. Sanders withdrew from the race in April, citing the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Biden became the presumptive Democratic nominee.

In the months that followed, Biden drafted a platform that featured many progressive proposals. He was particularly supportive of government assistance to low-income neighbourhoods, ambitious climate change legislation, affordable child care, and extension of federal health insurance programmes, such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which was implemented under Obama’s presidency. During this time period, Biden acquired a substantial lead over Trump in national surveys, owing in part to criticism of the president’s handling of the COVID-19 epidemic, which resulted in an economic depression comparable to the Great Depression. In August 2020, Biden selected Kamala Harris as his running mate—making her the first African American woman to appear on a major party’s national ticket—and later that month, he was formally proclaimed the Democratic presidential contender. While pre-election polling indicated that Biden held a sizable advantage in key battleground states, the actual contest was much tighter. Nonetheless, Biden and Harris rebuilt the so-called “Blue Wall” through the Rust Belt states of the Midwest, and on November 7, four days after the election, Biden clinched the 270 electoral votes required to win the presidency. Biden ultimately received 306 electoral votes to Trump’s 232; Biden also won the popular vote by a margin of more than seven million votes.

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Following the election, Trump and several other Republican leaders contested the results, claiming voter fraud. Although some lawsuits were brought, there was no proof to substantiate the allegations, and the vast majority of cases were dismissed. Biden and Harris initiated the transition to a new administration during this time period, announcing an agenda and choosing staff. By early December, all states had certified the election results, and the procedure was then sent to Congress for final approval. In response to Trump’s repeated calls for Republicans to overturn the election, a handful of Republican members of Congress, including Senators Josh Hawley (Missouri) and Ted Cruz (Texas), declared that they will challenge the electors in several states. On January 6, 2021, as the hearings began, a large crowd of Trump supporters marched to the United States Capitol from a gathering near the White House, where Trump delivered an impassioned speech repeating bogus charges of Democratic voter fraud and encouraged his followers to “fight like hell.” Overpowering Capitol police, the rioters attacked the complex, vandalising and looting the interior, killing five people, including a Capitol police officer. The facility was finally captured after many hours, and Biden and Harris were declared the winners. Biden was inaugurated in as president two weeks later, amid a large security presence.

Presidency

The 2020 election had a record-breaking voter turnout, facilitated in part by changes to voting procedures implemented in several states to guarantee voters could cast ballots securely amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Democrats voted in significant numbers in the 2020 election, and the Democratic Party not only won the presidency, but also retained control of the United States House of Representatives and wrested control of the United States Senate from Republicans, albeit by the tiniest of margins (the resulting Senate membership was evenly divided between the two parties at 50 senators each, but tie votes could be broken by Vice President Harris, acting in her constitutional role as president of the Senate). According to many Democrats, particularly progressives, the party’s concurrent control of the presidency and both houses of Congress provided a once-in-a-generation opportunity to implement revolutionary legislation aimed at making American society more democratic, equitable, and just.

Biden signed a slew of executive orders, acts, and memoranda during his first weeks in office, many of which reversed Trump administration initiatives, particularly in the areas of immigration, health care, and the environment. Notably, on his first day in office, Biden signed executive orders reinstating the US in the Paris Climate Agreement and rescinding the country’s exit from the World Health Organization.

In March 2021, the Biden administration used budget reconciliation (a method that precludes some budget-related Senate measures from being filibustered) to gain passage of a $1.9 trillion pandemic relief bill, the American Rescue Plan, by Congress without Republican support. Among other provisions, the law provided one-time payments to low- and moderate-income Americans extended unemployment benefits, expanded the child tax credit, provided financial assistance to state and local governments, schools, and childcare providers, provided housing assistance, and increased funding for coronavirus testing, contact tracing, and vaccine distribution.

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Biden backed three major pieces of voting rights and electoral reform legislation: the For the People Act, which the House passed in March 2021; the John Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act, which the House passed in August; and the Freedom to Vote Act, which the Senate introduced in September. (The first two laws were amended versions of House legislation passed in 2019.) All three bills were defeated in the Senate by Republican filibusters, which require the backing of at least 60 senators to overcome. The proposals were introduced to prevent states from enacting egregious voting suppression legislation, to end partisan and racial gerrymandering, and to increase election transparency by mandating “dark money” organisations to identify their contributors (see campaign financing; campaign finance laws). The failure of the electoral-reform measures, which progressives and even some moderate Democrats viewed as critical to preserving American democracy, prompted progressives and even some moderate Democrats to call for the abolition of the filibuster, which is not spelt out in the United States Constitution and can be repealed by the Senate with a simple majority vote.

The Senate passed the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act in August, a significantly scaled-back ($550 billion) version of Biden’s March announcement of a comprehensive infrastructure plan, its smaller scope necessitated by Republican and conservative Democratic opposition to spending levels, corporate and wealthy tax increases, and several social spending provisions. The bill then sat in the House for months as progressive, moderate, and conservative Democrats debated its provisions, with progressives refusing to support it unless it was included in a larger social spending bill and conservatives insisting on a separate vote. In early November, following a series of significant off-year elections in which Democrats suffered several unexpected defeats — signalling a likely loss of the House and Senate to Republicans in the 2022 election — Biden and Democratic House leaders stepped up their efforts to reconcile the factions, arguing that some tangible legislative accomplishment was required to retain the support of swing voters. The infrastructure bill was finally passed and sent to Biden for signature after progressives finally conceded.

Biden’s foreign policy objectives included mending strained ties with numerous US allies, cooperating with global efforts to mitigate climate change, and, more broadly, restoring the US to a position of global economic and political leadership. Biden also campaigned on a promise to withdraw all remaining US soldiers from Afghanistan, effectively ending over two decades of US military engagement in the country during all phases of the Afghan War, the United States’ longest military conflict. In April 2021, Biden announced the removal of all US forces by September 11—an extension of the Trump administration’s May 1 disengagement timetable established with the Taliban in 2020. By early August, after Biden extended the deadline for withdrawal to August 31, the Taliban had begun seizing military control of numerous Afghan provinces, and shortly thereafter, the Afghan capital, Kabul, was captured, and the national government collapsed. The airport in Kabul became a sea of terrified Afghan refugees hoping to exit the country on American evacuation flights. During and after the departure, Republican and some Democratic leaders attacked the Biden administration for underestimating the Taliban’s power and resolve, as well as the Afghan government and security forces.

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