What is an article?
An article is is a piece of writing which is usually written for a wider audience. It is published in a magazine, newspaper or journal. It includes intriguing stories, analysis, description or information. Articles are mostly formal but depending upon the target audience, it can be informal too. It should give opinions, thoughts, facts, and suggestions. It describes some experience, event, person or place. In the article, the writer provides his opinion or balanced argument, compare and contrast, information and advice. An article should be written in a bewitching and entertaining manner.
An ideal article consists of:
1. Title: The title should be eye-catching. It should attract the attention of readers and suggest a theme. The article can also have subheadings before each paragraph.
2. Introduction: An Introduction defines the topic to be covered and maintains the reader’s attention. It usually contains a topic sentence which is elaborated in the next paragraphs.
3. Main Body: It contains two or more paragraphs in which the topic is further developed in detail. In this section, the arguments and facts, etc are included in this section.
4. Conclusion: In this section, the topic is summarised or the final opinion, suggestion or comment is provided.
For article writing, it is paramount to consider the following points.
Where it is going to appear- in a magazine, newspaper or journal?
Who is the target audience- a particular group such as students or teenagers it adults or people in general?
What is the purpose of the article – to inform, suggest or advice, compare and contrast or describe, etc
SAMPLES OF ARTICLE WRITING
1. Learning About Life
Studying abroad is a great experience as it provides you the chance to study the customs and culture of the host country and its people. Aside from the beneficial education, I got during three years stay in England, I additionally made a wide network of friends and enhanced my language skills. I learned how to face and manage different issues, and accordingly, have turned out to be an increasingly independent and self-assured person.
I learned English Literature and along with this made many friends both at college and through the part-time work I had, improved my English. Despite the fact that I previously spoke the language quite well, when I initially arrived I experienced difficulty understanding a few accents and the slang or idioms that are in regular use. Presently I am a much more fluent and normal speaker, and my writing has improved, as well.
The most concerning issues I confronted were discovering someplace to live when I did not know the zone well, getting the electricity and phone associated and by and large learning how to take care of myself. I had to become acclimated to shopping, cooking and doing the housework, as well as studying and working, so I swiftly learned the art of planning my time reasonably.
In spite of the fact that adjusting to living in another country isn’t simple, once the underlying homesickness and missing the family has been overcome, learning how to fight for yourself absolutely makes you an increasingly independent person and certainly more confident. My time abroad helped me develop as a person and now I believe I could handle any issue now in a quiet and sure way, without having to promptly approach somebody for their assistance.
2. The Place of Women in Indian Society
In Indian society, women have been given a better position than that of men. We can see their presence in every walk of life. Ranging from a topmost constitutional position of a prime minister and president to constable and metro driver, they have marked their presence.
Now women are police officers, judges, bank managers, army officers, pilots, etc. They are holding positions of responsibility in various spheres of life. They are successful in the field of business and commerce. More and more women are coming out of the four walls of their houses. Literacy rates in women have witnessed a sharp rise during the post-independence era.
But there is no denying the fact that the rise in social and economic status of women has added to their burdens and responsibility. They are still slaves as they have to do double duty—as employed women and as working housewives. Despite all achievements and progress, women still have to depend on male members of the
family for their protection during different phases of their life. At times they have to depend on their father.
Then there are husband and again sons. They are not given freedom to take the decision of their life. In our male-dominated society, women are still regarded as inferior to men.
Therefore it is the crying need of the hour that women should awake and arise against their exploitation.
3. The Importance of Moral Education
In our country, the introduction of a new education system is essential which must be in tune with our major values of national tradition and integration. This system can only nourish and strengthen our national consciousness.
Human actions are judged as good or bad right from an ethical point of view. These judgments are always determined by the common moral standard of our society. In a nutshell, morality means honesty of characters, fairness in attitude, absence of evils like hatred jealousy, greed, telling lies, etc. This ultimate objective of education is to inculcate these human values in the students.
Moral education can be given through value education curriculum by all boards and universities. At school level, the syllabus should include folk tales, stories of patriotism, biographies of great men, poems, parables providing valuable lessons for the student. As a character is necessary for individuals, it is also necessary for a nation. A nation cannot make progress if it has lost its character.
This, the introduction of moral education from grassroots to university level is very necessary.
4. Environmental Pollution
The introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment is called environmental pollution. It has a hazardous effect on the natural world and on the activities of living beings.
The industries all over the world that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads into the biosphere and disturbed the ecological balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, industrial effluents and the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both air and water. The smoke emitted by vehicles using petrol and diesel and the cooking coal also pollutes the environment. The contaminated water that we drink creates a number of incurable diseases.
Air-pollution may cause several lung-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder diseases, etc. Soil-pollution may have a negative effect on farm output ratio. Noise-pollution causes deafness, tiredness, and mental losses.
In order to deal with environmental pollution, the Government can at least see those future factories are set up at a distant place, an industrial complex far away from the township. Deforestation should be stopped and Forestry should be developed. Discharge of Factory wastes in rivers should be banned.
5. Meaningful Use of Leisure Time
Leisure implies a free or unoccupied time when there is freedom from the demands of work or duty. Today people live under constant stress and demands of modernity.
As a result, they are prone to physical and psychological problems. It is essential to spare some time from a mechanical routine and spend this time to rejuvenate the mind and the body.
We can utilize our free time in a variety of ways. Reading is one of the most popular free-time activities. A wide range of subjects and the existence of well-maintained libraries has made reading a very rewarding and affordable activity. From simple entertainment to highly specialized discourses, reading invariably contributes to one’s knowledge and helps widen one’s perspective. Other common activities are music, gardening, carpentry, cooking, etc. One can also choose from activities which are directly relevant to society, like special work, caring for abandoned and stray animals, caring for the environment, etc. Activities in the areas enumerated above impart s sense of achievement besides giving meaning and purpose to life. Activities like carpentry, painting, and clay-modeling help satisfy the creative an impulse in many an amateur artist. Besides, we should spend some time in socializing. It is a healthy activity and promotes goodwill and mutual understanding among people.
We should play outdoor games also. It has the advantage of catering to physical fitness and thus helping to develop a healthy attitude towards life.
6. Disaster Management
The term ‘disaster management’ refers to all aspects of preventive and protective measures, preparedness, and organization of relief operations for mitigating the impact of disaster on human beings and socio-economic aspect of the disaster-prone areas. We can divide the whole process of disaster management into three phases: impact phase, rehabilitation, and reconstruction phase and integrated long term development and preparedness phase.
There are three components of impact phase: forecasting of disaster, close monitoring of agents causing disasters and management activities after the disaster has occurred. In order to forecast about flood, one needs to study. Approach of cyclone can be tracked and monitored by satellites. Then early warning and evacuation efforts may be made. Close monitoring of agents responsible for disaster can help deployment of teams to help evacuation and supply of goods, clothing and drinking water. Disaster leaves a trail of death and destruction.
This will require medical care and help of various kinds to the affected people. Under long term development phase, preventive and precautionary measures of various kind should be implemented.
7. Population Hazard
There is no denying the fact that the rate of population increase has gone down, but the balance between the optimum population growth and a healthy nation is far to be achieved. Ignorance, illiteracy, unhygienic living and lack of proper recreation are the main causes of population hazard in India.
People, themselves must realize the merits of small family. They should be encouraged to adopt preventive checks—checks that control the birth rate. Religion also adds to the growth of population. Some communities consider any mandate of a statutory method of prohibition to be sacrilegious. India, being a secular state, cannot exercise any check or restraint on religious grounds.
The importance of a higher standard of living should be inculcated in the mind of the people. The desire for better living conditions automatically works as a deterrent to heavy increases in population. It restricts the population explosion and thus tends to keep high the efficiency of our existing population.
Education at the grass-root, more equitable distribution of the natural wealth, restriction on religious fanatics that would damage the country’s economy by unnecessary births, These measures alone can bring about a kind of effective control over the population problem.
8. Work is Worship
This is an oft saying proverb that work is worship, which means there is no better way to worship God except to be hardworking. Man owes all his greatness to hard work. Hence, it is the root of all success. There is no alternative for hard work. Today man has conquered nature, he has set foot on the moon, he has traveled in space, he has invented so many life-saving drugs—all became possible because he never avoided work. We see wonderful progress in the field of agriculture and industry.
God also gets impressed and helps and cooperates only those who are hardworking and sincere. God does not love being worshipped by a person each second. He wants a person works hard. So, it is not useful if we worship God all the time and do not work at all. Some useful people who believe that it is luck that plays a significant role in anybody’s life.
Thus, they avoid work and wait for the miracles, which according to them must occur in their life and consequently they would get all those things which they wish for. But the reality is that no such miracle happens particularly when we don’t work.
9. Our National Festivals
In our country, people of different religions, regions, and cultures live together with peace and harmony. India is worldwide known for its cultural diversity and colorful festivals. Apart from these festivals, we also have national festivals such as the Independence Day, the Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti.
We celebrate Independence Day to mark the independence of India. India became independent on
August 15, 1947, after the British left the country. Since then, August 15 is celebrated as the Independence Day. On this day, various formal events including flag-hoisting and march in all states, districts, panchayats, schools, colleges are organized to commemorate the day of freedom. The Prime Minister of the nation hoists the tri-color national flag (Tiranga) at the Red Fort and addresses the nation from its rampart.
We celebrate Republic Day on January 26 to commemorate the adoption of our Constitution. As per the records, the Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950, by replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
Like the Independence Day, flag hoisting ceremony and cultural programmes are organized across the nation on Republic Day. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. Every year, this auspicious occasion is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm. People across the nation offer prayer services and tributes to Gandhiji on this day. Various cultural programmes showcasing Gandhi Ji’s life and struggle for independence are organized, at school, colleges, government, and private organizations, etc. Also, different types of competition, such as essay writing, painting, etc are organized to remember the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi.
10. Indian Farmers
It is indeed a matter of shame for us as the food producers in our country have to die out of hunger. India is mainly an agricultural country. Agriculture is the backbone of our economy. The farmer is an important part of agriculture. It is the hard work of the farmer which brings prosperity in the country.
The farmer has to lead a tough life. He gets up early in the morning. He takes his plough and oxen and goes to the field. His wife and children also help him in his work. His routine does not change even in biting cold.
The farmer remains busy in tilling the fields, sowing seeds and reaping crops throughout the year. The farmer takes great care of his crops and dreams of good crops.
Sometimes adverse weather condition causes severe harm to crops in the form of drought, flood or untimely, uneven rains. In spite of his hard work, the farmer has to live in a miserable condition, when his crops fail. They have to borrow have money from the moneylenders at a high-interest rate. In case of the failure of his crops, he becomes hopeless. It becomes difficult for him to pay back the money. Sometimes he takes the drastic step of suicide.
We need to be sensitive towards farmers. Governmental and non-governmental organizations should come forward and make them aware of the latest technologies, programmes, and policies. Our nation can be a prosperous one only when our farmers are prosperous.
11. A Good Citizen
A good citizen is one who tries to work for the greatness and glory of his country. He is faithful to his country and is ready to sacrifice everything for the honour of the land. He must be law-abiding and must respect the traditions of his country. He should make all possible efforts to remove the social evils which are the bane of the society.
He must live in peace with his fellow citizens and help the state against all criminals and lawbreakers. He is not blindly conservative and he is progressive in his outlook.
A good citizen must be committed to the high ideals and work for the betterment of his country. He should work for unity in the country and does not do anything which might harm the solidarity of the country. He knows that if his countrymen are not united, the nation shall face danger from other countries hostile to us. He is kind and sympathetic towards everyone. He respects this rights and privileges of others. He does not do anything which might have a bad effect on others. He is honest and diligent and works for the good of his fellow citizens.