Masculine and Feminine Gender: Rules and List

Masculine and Feminine Gender: Rules and List

Masculine and Feminine Gender: Rules and List

Gender is from Latin genus meaning kind or sort. The difference of sex in nature is called the difference of gender in grammar. We know all living things are normally either of the male or female sex.
The noun that denotes male is called Masculine Gender; as, man, husband, brother, son, boy king, hero, lion, etc.
The noun that denotes female is called Feminine Gender; as, woman, wife, sister, daughter, girl, queen, heroin, lioness, etc
The noun that denotes either male, as well as the female, is called Common Gender; as, friend, child, pupil, parent, servant, thief, baby, infant, neighbour, monarch.
The noun that denotes a thing of no sex, that is, a thing without life is called Neutral Gender; as, book, pen, room, tree, window, street, door, table, desk, etc.
Neutral literally means ‘neither’.

Ask Your Question?

Masculine and feminine gender

PERSONIFICATION

Objects without life are often personified especially in poetry or elevated prose. They are spoken of as if they were living beings. We then regard them as masculines or feminines as per the following rules:
The masculine gender is often applied to objects known for strength or violence; as, sun, summer, winter, ocean, thunder, death, time, war, etc
Example

  1. The sun shed his beams on rich and poor alike.
  2. Winter had spread his white blanket everywhere.

The feminine gender is often applied to objects remarkable for beauty, gentleness, or grace; as, moon, earth, spring, autumn, nature, liberty, justice, mercy, peace, hope, virtue charity, modesty, etc.

Examples

  1. The moon has hidden her face behind a cloud.
  2. Spring had spread her mantle of green over the earth.

Note: Ship is often spoken of the feminine as;
The ship lost her boats in the storm.

WAYS OF FORMING THE FEMININE
There are four ways of forming the feminine of masculine nouns, these are given as follows:
1. By using an entirely different word.
2. By using a prefix or adding a word before or after.
3. By using a suffix -ess to the masculine.
4. Foreign feminines

By using an entirely different word.

MusculineFeminine 
BachelorSpinster
BoyGirl
FatherMother
Man Woman
BrotherSister
BuckDoe
Bull,OxHeifer
RamEwe
WizardWitch
SalemanSalewoman
ColtFilly
CockHen
DrakeDuck
Dog Bitch
DroneBee
EarlCountess
Friar,MonkNun
GanderGoose
HartRoe
StagHind
GentlemanLady
HorseMare
HusbandWife
ForemanForewoman
KingQueen
LordLady
MilkboyMilkmaid
LadLass
FoxVixen
SireDane
NephewNiece
UncleAnt
SirMadam
SonDaughter
PapaMamna
BoarSow
SailorSeamaid
StallionMare
WindowerWidow
By using a word before or after.
MusculineFeminine
Bull-calfCow-calf
Buck-rabbitDoe-rabbit
Cock- sparrowHen-sparrow
He-goatShe-goat
Jack-assShe-ass
GrandfatherGrandmother
PeacockPeahen
DairymanDiarymaid
ManfriendWomanfriend
BoybfriendGirlfriend
He-bearShe-bear
Tom-catShe-cat
Dog-foxShe-fox
LandlordLandlady
ManservantMaidservant
GreatuncleGreataunt
WashermanWasherwoman
Begger- manBegger-woman
Step-fatherStep-mother
Brother-in-lawSister-in-law
Step-sonStep-daughter
ForemanForewoman
SalesmanSaleswoman
TragedianTragedienne
By adding the suffix -ess to the muculine
MasculineFeminine
AuthorAuthoress
BaronBaroness
CountCountesd
GiantGiantess
GodGoddess
HeirHeiress
PoetPoetess
PriestPriestess
Prior
HostHostess
JewJewess
TutorTutoress
ManagerManageress
MayorMayoress
PatronPatroness
PeerPeeress
ProphetProphetess
ShepherdShepherdess
StewardStewardess
ViscountViscountess
LionLioness
PrincePrincess
sorcerersorceress
In the following examples, the suffix -ess is added after omitting the last syllable of the masculine.
MasculineFeminine
ActorActress
BenefactorBenefactress
ConductorConductress
DirectorDirectress
EnchantorEnchantress
FounderFoundress
HunterHuntress
InspectorInspectress
InstructorInstructress
NegroNegress
AbbotAbbess
MurdererMurderess
ProprietorProprietress
ProtectorProtectress
GovernorGoverness
MarquisMarchioness
AdventurerAdventuress
CatererCateress
DukeDuchess
EmperorEmpress
PreceptorPreceptress
SongsterSongstress
TempterTemptress
TigerTigress
SeamsterSeamstress
TraitorTraitress
VotaryVotaress
MasterMistress
WaiterWaitress
Note The suffix -ess is the commonest suffix used to form feminine from masculine and is the only one which we now use in forming a new feminine noun.

MasculineFeminine
AdministratorAdministratrix
BeauBelle
CzarCzarina
ExecutorExecutrix
SignorSignora
ProsecutorProsecutrix
TestatorTestatrix
SultanSultana
FrancisFrances
HeroHeroine
TragedianTragedienne

Leave a Reply

Write Your Opinion

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

  Subscribe  
Notify of
%d bloggers like this: