Beauty by John Edward Masefield Questions and Summary

Beauty by John Edward Masefield Questions and Summary

Summary of the poem “Beauty” by John Edward Masefield

The poem, “Beauty” is written by a nature cherishing writer John Edward Masefield. In this romantic poem, the poet compares his beloved to every one of the bounties of nature. But, he discovers her the most beautiful. The poet says that he has seen the magnificence of dawn and dusk of fields and slopes, daffodils, and the growing grasses. He has heard the song of the blossoms and serenade of the ocean. Moreover, he has seen surprising lands while remaining under the curved sails of boats. However, the poet says that the loveliest thing that God has ever shown to him are his beloved’s voice, her eyes, her magnetic hair, and the pricey red curve of her lips.

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Literary Analysis of Beauty

Beauty is a romantic poem written by John Edward Mayfield. The poem compares what is beautiful and what one loves in the world. The poet seems to be enslaved by the beauty of his beloved. He compares his beloved to all the beauties of nature but finds his beloved the most beautiful.

I have seen dawn and sunset on moors and windy hills
Coming in solemn beauty like slow old tunes of Spain

In the first two lines, the poet says that he has seen dawn and dusk on moors and windy hills which bestow the great happiness and satisfaction like the wonderful tunes of Spain. The time of dawn and dusk are as pleasing and soothing as the wonderful music of Spain.


The poem in which the entire situation is shown is dawn, afternoon and dusk. The poem opens with a depiction by the poet of his encounters with nature that demonstrates the impact of romanticism on him by discussing nature and scenes -“Have seen dawn and sunset on moors and windy hills”. The reference to Spain brings an exotic to this poem.
Their poet has used several poetic devices in this poem. In the second line, the poet employs a simile “Coming in solemn beauty like slow old tunes of Spain”. In this line, the speaker makes the readers understand the great happiness and satisfaction he feels with the arrival of his beloved by comparing such event to wonderful music.

I have seen the lady April bringing in the daffodils,
Bringing the springing grass and the soft warm April rain.

In the third and fourth lines, the poet says that he has seen the month of April ( spring season) which brings the daffodils, fresh grass and soft warm rain.

Here, the month of April (spring season) has been personified by endowing it with the ability to “bring” something. It has been also called “lady April “.

I have heard the song of the blossoms and the old chant of the sea,
And seen strange lands from under the arched white sails of ships

In these, the poet continues his praise of beautiful things. In these lines talks about musical beauty in combination with natural beauty. He says that he has heard the song of blossoms and chant of the sea. In addition to this, he has witnessed the surprising lands from under the arched sails of the ship. The song of blossoms alludes to soft rustling music of the blossoms produced when the breeze blow through them. The chant of the sea refers to the music created by ripples in the sea.

But the loveliest things of beauty God ever has shown to me
Are her voice, and her hair, and eyes, and the dear red curve of her lips.

Red curved lips

In these ending lines of the poem, the poet’s focus of praising beauty shifts from the beauty of nature to the beauty of a woman. He expresses that the beauty of his beloved surpasses all other beauties. The poet expresses that the loveliest things of beauty God has ever shown to him are his beloved’s voice and her magnetic hair and dear red curve of her lips. The slow old tunes of Spain, The song of blossoms, chant of the sea have been compared to the voice of the poet’s beloved. Her hair has been compared to the natural beauty and ‘dear curve of her lips’ I think have been compared to ‘arched white sails of the ship’ from where one can see strange lands. The poet perhaps alludes to touching the crimson lips of his beloved where from he witnesses the amazing experiences that make him forget all other beauties.

The questions of Beauty by John Edward Masefield

1. What are the various things of beauty the speaker has seen?

Answer: The speaker has seen the wonderful sights of dawn and dusk, the excellence of daffodils and the magnificence of growing grasses. He has additionally observed some surprising lands under the arched windows of his boats.

2. What are the loveliest of all these things God has shown to the poet?

Answer: The loveliest all of these things God has shown to the poet are his beloved’s voice, her hair, her eyes and the red curve of her lips.

3. To whom do the words in the last line refer to?

Answer: The words in the last line refer to the poet’s beloved.

4. Why does the poet compare dawn and dusk with slow old tunes?

Answer: He has done so because the time of dawn and dusk on moors and windy hills has a harmonious and soothing effect. It is pleasing to the senses like wonderful tunes.

5. How does God’s creation appear to the poet?

Answer: God’s creation seems extremely lovely to the poet. He is satisfied with every wonderful thing about nature. However, he considers his beloved’s features more beautiful than everything else.

6. What does the poet mean by the song of the blossoms?

Ans. The tune of blossoms implies the delicate stirring music of the blossoms created when the breeze blows through them. This stirring music of the blooms has been considered as the song of the blossoms

7. What is the difference between the last line and the rest of the poem? What does it suggest?

Ans. The entire poem with the exception of the last line praises the beauties of nature. The last line praises the excellence of the poet’s beloved. He thinks about that her melodious voice, her vast eyes, and her pricey curved lips are the loveliest things God has ever shown to him. While the rest of the poem praises nature’s beauty and clarifies its marvels but the last line focuses on the poet’s beloved.
It suggests that the writer is certain that there is no correlation between his beloved’s magnificence with the rest of wonders.

More About ‘Beauty’ by John Edward Masefield

The tone of The Poem ‘Beauty’

This sonnet utilizes figurative and rhetorical devices. The tone is romantic, exotic and speaking to the senses. The use of expressions and words, for example, “slow old tunes”, ” song of the blossoms” and “chant of the ocean” discuss musical beauty and “April rain”, springing grass” and “daffodils” touch the feeling of the smell of the readers of this poem.

Structural Analysis of Beauty

There are two stanzas in this poem. Each stanza has four lines. The rhyme scheme is used uniquely in this poem, which is ABAB CDCD, rather than typical AABB rhyme scheme.

A Typical Poetic Device- Enjambment

called enjambment is utilized all through the whole poem, for example, “I have seen the lady April bringing the daffodils,/Bringing the springing grass and the soft warm April rain”, where the entire meaning of a specific line is only comprehended after the reader associates it to the line before it or after it.

The diction of The Poem

The diction of this poem is both denotative and connotative. Denotative style includes the symbolic dialect, for example, “But the loveliest things of beauty God ever has shown to me/are her voice, and her hair, and eyes and dear red curve of her lips”.In these lines, the poet refers his beloved. While connotative language can be found in the accompanying lines, “I have seen the lady April” which is a backhanded reference to his girlfriend or beloved.

Alliteration and Assonance

The writer has additionally made sound impacts by repeatedly using expressions as “I have seen”, which is utilized in the first and the third line. There is also alliteration in “s” sound, for example, in “seen”, “sunset”, “solemn”, and “Spain”. On the other hand, assonance is utilized in the accompanying words as in “windy hills” (I sound), “slow old” (o sound), and “song of the blossoms” (o sound).

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SNOWDROP | English Tulip Series

Main Highlights and Attractions of The Snowdrops

As the snow in their name suggests, Snowdrops may not even wait for the snow to melt before emerging from their winter sleep, instead of pushing right up through the snow a delightful sight for the winter-weary.

Central Idea of snowdrop: Life is full of struggles and hardships. The person who tackles these hindrances with determination and courage is said to be brave and successful. Nature also uses various processes to teach the humans the lesson of success by determination and positive approach. For example, snowdrops which are small white flowers bloom in harsh and severe winter and cut its way open through the frosty earth.

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Summary of Snowdrop: The poem entitled “Snowdrop” has been authored by “Edward James Hughes” or “Ted Hughes”(pen name). The poet presents the harsh and cruel image of nature, unlike other poets severe nature to depict beauty and glamour. The poet pictures the life of different aerial and terrestrial animals which are affected by the severe winter. Finally, he talks about a flower called Snowdrop which blooms in harsh winter. He admires the flower, of
Snowdrop for sprouting through the frosty earth’s surface.
In the commencing stanza, the poet says that the globe has shrunk because of the extreme cold. He says that cold has stagnated the movement of active and brisk creatures like a mouse, which seem to be dull and inactive. Further, the poet says that the crows, which are free to fly anywhere, are also restricted by the cold weather and the weasels also remain dormant as if they are moulded into the statues of brass. Even if these creatures try to move out in order to find their prey, it appears as if days were converted into nights because everything seems to be dozing and lifeless. Moreover, they try to return to their places quickly due to the threat of death because of the chilly winter and, thus, this seems to be worried and senseless.
In the next stanza, the poet turns his attention towards the little, gloomy flower, Snowdrop which blooms in such harsh weather and cuts its way open through the frosty earth. It blooms in a beautiful way like the stars of winter season which shine without any consideration of cold and hot season. The snowdrop blooms with its drooping flowers which make a feel that its small, pale head is made of metal. Despite its heavy flowers and severe winter, it achieves its goal and blooms.

Analysis of Snowdrop by Ted Hughes

The “Snowdrop” is an acclaimed poem that is succinct and precise in its symbolism. The Snowdrop alludes to a flowering plant with little milk-white flowers blossoming toward the end of winter. The snowdrop truly means a drop of snow that is at once emblematic of short life and immortality. Along these lines, it is about the cruel winter that approaches life and how fleeting life is.

The very first line of the poem “Now is the globe shrunk tight” shows the compression and condensation that has set in due to winter. One marvel if the poet had predicted the effect of globalization, as he declares the same. All things considered, here it has all the earmarks of being the effect of winter having a negative impact on the globe. The agile mouse’s heart has turned out to be extremely dull, ’round’ as if it has twisted around the mouse. The weasel that is busy with its red fuzzy coat preying rodents, crow about its obligation as a scavenger, seem, by all accounts, to be moulded in brass. Their jolly developments have rendered into substantial steps with the heaviness s of metal. They have been captured as if in metal, in a chilly fixture. They appear to move in external darkness. As they achieve the winter of their lives, they are with other deaths. The lines may likewise imply that with the advent of winter the creatures have lost their sense of sharpness and became distracted.

The regularly used symbol, that is, the use of metals in the Bible are concealed riddle pieces used by God to fit together a greater image of the salvation procedure. Understanding the use of these metals gives a more profound comprehension of the grand way God wrote the Bible. Metal, silver, and gold are metals used to emblematically depict the profound refinement and development of Christians, from salvation to glorification. Especially in the example of Moses’ sanctuary in the wilderness.

Therefore, the reference to the creatures may figuratively apply to people who swing to spirituality and refinement as they enter the winter of their lives. How their survival nature (the act of preying) may constrain itself just to the need for survival. They move in ‘outer darkness’, however with an inward radiance.

She, too, pursues her ends,

Brutal as the stars of this month,

Her pale head heavy as metal.

The “She” toward the end of the poem may refer to the Snowdrop, the flowering plant. It might likewise mean Mother Earth. The blossoms of the flowering plant are weighed down with snow and in this manner heavy and crystal-like. In this manner, they are the merciless stars of the night that help the preying creatures in their undertaking. Note that they are not “guiding stars” but rather brutal stars as they help the slaughtering of different creatures. It represents, how for Hughes, violence not just plagued the creature world, it additionally pervaded the natural vegetative world.

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Thinking About The Poem- Snowdrop

1. How has nature shrunk the globe?

Ans.: Nature has shrunk the globe by enclosing it in a blanket of severe and harsh winter. It has restricted all the creatures to their dwelling places and they feel the earth to be small and limited for them.

2..What has dulled the mouse”s heart?

Ans.: The active mouse”s heart has been dulled and deactivated by the chilly, harsh winter.

3. What sufferings do the animals undergo in the poem?

Ans.: The animals suffer a lot due to the winter season. Their movements are curtailed; everything appears to be dull, gloomy and dark; even the days seem similar to nights and it becomes difficult for them to hunt for prey. Overall winter creates havoc in the life of all the creatures.

4. Write a short note of 50 – 100 words on Hughes’ view of nature.

Ans.: Ted Hughes is a nature lover undoubtedly because he captures the beauty of nature appears in a negative way. He is pessimistic towards nature. He portrays the harsh winter and its impact on the life of aerial, arboreal and terrestrial animals. He feels that most of the creatures die or perish in this season and many animals decrease their daily activities and movements because of the threat of death due to chilly winter.
Finally, he describes a small flower, Snowdrop which depicts his loving feelings towards nature. He is highly impressed with the little drooping flower which withstands the terrible weather to bloom. The poet compares the flower to the heavenly stars which are also determined to shine regardless of the harsh winter conditions.

5. “Her pale head heavy as metal” Explain.

Ans.: The snowdrop is a small drooping flower which erupts out of the earth’s surface and bends down as if its dull head is made of hard metal.

Line by Line a Brief Analysis of snowdrop

Line 1 of Snowdrop

“Globe shrunk tightly” alludes to a microcosm which could mean the subjects of the poem are referring to the to the entire world.

Line 2 of Snowdrop

“Round” could connect with the title and theme cycles of death and resurrection since snowdrops are famous of the springtime and passing is extremely noticeable inside the poem. “Dulled wintering heart” is expressive of the mouse and how it is dying and in the winter of its life. This additionally links with the seasons and death subjects as it’s the dead time of the year and the season when much wildlife life is either dead or dormant

Line 3 of Snowdrop

“Weasel and crow” are predators of the mouse and “moulded in brass” would influence it to appear as if the mouse can’t contact them or harm them leaving the mouse frail. There are two comers on this line which backs it off and gives it a creeping feel as if the animals are hunting or being hunted.

Line 4 of Snowdrop

“Outer darkness” the predators are perpetually in the darkness holding up to kill the mouse and other prey.

Line 5 of Snowdrop

“Right minds” This could be stating that the mouse and other prey wouldn’t go into the darkness in their normal minds. This is a short line and could be expected to be read quickly. This could speak to the heart beating quicker in light of the fact that the mouse is close to death and battling for breath or in light of the fact that a predator is near.

Line 6 of Snowdrop

“Other deaths” could mean to the deaths of things in winter. “She…ends” could be discussing the mouse being prepared to die.

“Brutal stars” this could be the stars of misfortune and in winter the stars are fierce in light of the fact that a ton of animals die and brutal stars help in the slaughtering of these animals.

Line 8 of Snowdrop

“Pale” would mean that either all the blood has gone or that the skin is malnourished due to severe winter. “Heavy … metal” this makes to appear as though its extremely difficult to move perhaps the creature hasn’t eaten much because of its winter.

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