A notice is an effective and easy means of formal communication. It is used to announce or display some important information regarding some issue or event that is going to happen or be organized.
A notice is targeted to communicate the information to a specific group of people for immediate attention or participation. Notices usually reach to a large group of people in a shorter period of time.
Notices are usually put on notice boards of the schools or organizations. They are also pinned up in public places. In modern times, most of the notices issued by the government or any other big organizations appear in newspapers.
The purpose of the notice is to disseminate or convey information in a comprehensive manner to a large group of people in a shorter period of time. It is usually an advance information about:
* A happening
* General instruction
* An event
* A function
* An inauguration
* A programme
* An important thing that you have lost or found
Important Points To Remember About Notice Writing
A notice is written by a single person, a group or an organization to attract the attention of a particular group of people for consideration.
All required information should be given in a simple, concise and attractive manner. The information should be to the point. No irrelevant or unimportant information shall be included. The word limit of a notice is 50 to 60 words.
A notice should answer 5 W’s. These are What, Where, When, Who and Whom. These are detailed as below :
What is going to happen? It means the information regarding the event or programme shall be given.
Where it is going to happen. It means the information about the place where the event or programme will take place.
When it will take place. It means the information regarding the date and time of the event or programme.
Who can apply? The information about who is eligible to participate in the event or programme must be included in the notice.
Whom to contact. The information about the issuing authority much is also mentioned in the notice.
Any other detail that is essential shall be also mentioned in the notice.
The sentence should be short, simple and grammatically correct.
COMPONENTS AND FORMAT OF NOTICE
A notice should include the following components in the given order:
1. The name of the organization issuing the notice.
2. The title “NOTICE” in bold form.
3. Heading of the notice.
4. The date on which the notice is issued.
5. The body/ subject matter of the notice.
6. The writer signature and designation.
➡ The Tempest is said to have been composed in 1610– 11. Since Shakespeare passed away in 1616, also his creation of somewhat later plays like Two Noble Kinsmen is believed to be co-composed with others. The Tempest is viewed as Shakespeare’s last solo work.
➡ The Tempest is set (as almost as we can decide on a play that happens in an imaginary world) in the Mediterranean Sea, among Spain and Italy.
➡ There are seven songs demonstrated in The Tempest, more than in any other Shakespeare’s play.
➡ Miranda has just 154 lines in the play; Prospero’s has 656, which is 32% of the lines in the play. This is a decent example of how characters who don’t gab are similarly important in character and plot.
➡ Shakespeare as often as possible drew on authentic figures or well-known stories as motivation for his plays. But for The Tempest, the most likely source is a point by point record of the wreck of the Sea-Venture, lost in Bermuda in 1609 on its approach to Virginia.
➡ Where would the island setting of The Tempest most likely be? As indicated by pieces of information in the content, right off the coast of Sicily.
➡ Since this is viewed as Shakespeare’s last play, Prospero’s mystical command of the island is prevalently read as Shakespeare’s command over his created stories and characters. This thought is mostly borne out in the discourse in Act 5 wherein Prospero revokes his magical capacities: “I break my staff… and down my book.”
➡ This could undoubtedly parallel the writer resigning from the enchantment of the stage. In pretty much every play, Shakespeare has his characters muse on how life and theatre are interwoven: People as performing artists, the world as a stage, changed identity through wearing camouflage, and so forth.; so this hearing of Shakespeare’s “voice” in Prospero’s words is very satisfying.
➡ In Shakespeare’s time, an epilogue was typical “a conventional expression of humility at the end of a play, apologizing for any inadequacy in the performance and asking for applause,” as defined by Shakespeare scholar linguist David Crystal
The epilogue to The Tempest, talked by Prospero, is a standout amongst the most well known in Shakespeare’s plays, along with Puck’s toward the end of “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” and Rosalind’s toward the end of “As You Like It”.
Think About The Text
Q.1 What did Miranda first think Ferdinand was and why? Were Ferdinand and Miranda”s love at first sight true?
Ans. At first, Miranda thought that Ferdinand was a spirit. She thought so because she did not expect a human being having the beautiful features Ferdinand was in possession of. Moreover, she had never seen any handsome young man. She had only seen her father namely Prospero and Caliban.
Ferdinand and Miranda’s love was definitely the love at first sight.
Q.2 Why did Prospero pretend to think that Ferdinand was a spy?
Ans. Prospero was very happy to see that Miranda and Ferdinand were in love with each other. Ferdinand‘s love could be false. So, in order to test his love, he pretended to think that Ferdinand was a spy. He wanted to be sure whether Ferdinand really loved Miranda.
Q.3 What was the task that Prospero gave Ferdinand?
Ans. Prospero assigned Ferdinand the job of piling up heavy logs of wood.
Q.4 What made Ferdinand”s labour seem light?
Ans. Miranda’s presence made Ferdinand’s labour seem light.
Q.5 What were the King and his party doing the meantime?
Ans. The king and his party were all wandering about on the island. In fact, they were searching for Ferdinand who was detached from them during the shipwreck
Q.6 Why were they amazed to see Prospero?
Ans. They were amazed to see Prospero alive because they had thought he would have died twelve years ago in the old and damaged ship in which they had put him and his daughter to perish at sea.
Q.7 Justify Prospero”s statement, “I have lost my daughter…”
Ans. Prospero told the king that he too had lost his daughter in the tempest. He was right in the sense that he had lost his daughter to Ferdinand. Miranda and Ferdinand had fallen in love with each other and they were going to get married.
Thus, Prospero no more possessed his daughter. She was now in the possession of Ferdinand, who was going to be her husband.
Q.8 Why did Prospero give up his magic powers?
Ans. He gave up his magic powers because he had no further use of them. He had achieved whatever he wanted. He got his Dukedom back from his brother Antonio and King of Naples. Moreover, his daughter was also happily settled with Ferdinand who was a young and handsome man and above all loved her too much.
Q.9 What was Ariel”s the last service to his master?
Ans. Ariel last service to his master Prospero was that he created favourable winds in the sea. The favou.rable winds helped the ship on which Prospero and his party were in sailing to Naples.
The Tempest is said to be the last play written by William Shakespeare. It is a remarkable play containing wonderful verse and the themes of repentance and reconciliation. There is a violent storm, a shipwreck and a beautiful love story of Miranda and Ferdinand.
Summary of The Tempest
Prospero is a sorcerer with incredible supernatural power, living on an island with his, young and beautiful daughter Miranda. Twelve years ago, Prospero was the Duke of Milan, but his brother, Antonio, forcibly assumed control and ousted him. Presently, in an act of retribution against Antonio and his co-backstabber, Lord Alonso of Naples, Prospero raises a rough storm, causing the ship carrying them and a few others to wreck on the island. As they watch the tempest pulverize the ship, Prospero discloses to his girl that he invoked the tempest to bring Antonio and Alonso to the island with the end goal to get vindicated. He discloses to her how they were expelled from Milan and how they sailed on a little-spoiled ship with his books of magic until reaching the island. Miranda is astonished by the story yet asks for the tempest to be halted. Prospero guarantees her that everybody will survive, and causes her sleep with his magic power.
Ariel, Prospero’s spirit servant, appears. He demands the freedom Prospero had promised him in return for his help in conjuring the tempest. Prospero denies his request and asks him that he his tasks are not complete yet. He commands him to become invisible again to perform the next tasks he has in mind.
Miranda awakens. Prospero calls his slave, the gigantic Caliban, to bring firewood. Caliban curses Prospero in all the manners in which he can think, clarifying how he feels rightly entitled to rule the island since her mother, the witch Sycorax, ruled there before Prospero arrived. He has indeed, even attempted to assault Miranda in reprisal, but can’t break Prospero’s magical power hang on him.
Miranda and Ferdinand Fall in Love
Ariel, invisibly, plays delightful music and draws Ferdinand—child of King Alonso, into Prospero and Miranda’s sight. He has been isolated from the rest of the party and believes they are all dead. Ferdinand and Miranda experience passionate feelings and they fall in love at first sight.
Prospero is very happy to see this. But he wants to test Ferdinand’s love for Miranda. For the purpose, he pretends that the young man is a spy. He sets Ferdinand the task of piling up heavy logs. Miranda’s steals out her room to see Ferdinand at work.
Miranda declares her love to Ferdinand, and they decide to marry. Ferdinand acknowledges. Prospero watches all this, concealed by the young darlings, and delights in the couple’s engagement.
Sebastian Attempts to Murder Alonso
On another part of the island, King Alonso grieves his child Ferdinand, who he believes to have drowned. Ariel appears, still undetectable, and calms lulls everyone to sleep aside from Antonio and Sebastian, King Alonso’s brother. Antonio persuades Sebastian to slaughter Alonso with the goal that Sebastian can be a king himself. Sebastian has just raised his sword to kill Alonso when Ariel wakes everybody up. Antonio and Sebastian pretend that they were shielding the ruler from wild beasts and everybody trusts them.
In the meantime, Trinculo and Stephano, a court jokester and a butler, have also been isolated from the rest of the gathering. Stephano has spared a few jugs of wine from the ship and has been drinking a great deal. They discover Caliban and give him wine. A little smashed himself, Caliban sees a chance to dispose of Prospero. He pronounces himself a slave to them and their “heavenly alcohol”; soon they plot to murder Prospero and rule the island themselves, with Stephano as their new lord.
Back with Antonio and company, Prospero sends spirits to set out a delicious feast. Similarly, the meantime going to eat, Ariel appears as a shrew (a brutal flying animal) and influences the meal to vanish. He proclaims their wrongdoings against Prospero and vanishes, leaving them alarmed and guilty.
Caliban, Trinculo, and Stephano go to Prospero’s cave to slaughter him, however, Ariel diverts them by making fine clothes to appear on the trees and brambles surrounding them. Trinculo and Stephano begin to battle once again the garments, and Caliban shouts at them to get on with the murder. In the end, Ariel and Prospero gather spirits in the state of savage dogs and hounds to chase them away.
Alonso and Antonio Repent
Prospero then has Ariel carry all the wrecked men to him. He uncovers himself as Antonio’s brother, then bringing out Ferdinand to show Alonso that his child is live. Alonso pronounces his apology at having helped to overthrow Prospero and favours the marriage designs of Ferdinand and Miranda. Prospero chooses to pardon Antonio as opposed to correct more retaliation and shows everybody that the ship is repaired and prepared to sail. He, then, reports that he will come back to Italy to rule Milan afresh and ritualistically break his magic wand to illustrate his renunciation of doing magic.
Prospero Releases Ariel
At last, Prospero sets Ariel free from servitude. He also leaves Caliban in the possession of the island. The play ends with Prospero’s speech to the audience asking them to show their enjoyment of the play by sending the actors on their journey with applause. Ariel raised favourable winds in the sea which helped Prospero and the company to sail to Milan. This was his last service to his master.
Questions and Answers of The Tempest
Question No.1 Who was Ariel and how did he come to be Prospero’s servant?
Answer:- Ariel was a spirit and a servant of Prospero. He had been captivated by a witch named Sycorax in the heart of a pine tree and she had died before releasing him. When Prosperous arrived on the island and saw him, he released Ariel by the power of his magic. In this way, Ariel became his devoted servant.
Question No. 2 Who was Caliban? How did he look like?
Answer:- Caliban was the servant of Prospero. He was also the son of dead Sycorax. He had more features of a fish than that of a man.
Question No.3 What did Miranda ask Prospero to do?
Answer:- Miranda asked Prospero to stop the storm that had put the ship in danger. She pleaded with her father because the cries of the drowning sailors were knocking against her merciful heart.
Question No.4 What did Prospero say he raised the tempest for?
Answer:- Prospero told Miranda not to be afraid and assured her not a single person should perish in the sea. He said that he had raised the tempest for his beloved daughter’s sake.
Question No.5 Why did Prospero leave the management of the state to Antonio.
Answer:- Prospero was the Duke of Milan. Knowledge was his chief aim. Wealth and worldly possession hardly mattered to him. He wanted to devote most of his time for secret studies. Moreover, he thought his brother was loyal to him. So, he left the management of state affairs to Antonio.
Question No.6 Who helped Antonio to seize the throne?
Answer:- Antonio’s soldiers, the king of Naples and other ministers who were bribed by the Antonio helped him to overthrow Prospero and seize the throne of Milan.
Question No.7 What did Antonio’s soldiers do.
Answer:- His soldiers dragged Prospero with his daughter out of a palace. They did not dare to kill them openly. So, they put them in an old and damaged ship to perish at sea.
Question No. 8 How did Gonzalo help Prospero?
Answer:- Gonzalo was very loyal to the dethroned duke. He helped Prospero by secretly storing the boat with some necessary items like fresh water, food, clothes and Prospero’s precious books which Prospero valued more than his Dukedom.
Question No.9 Who was in the ship that was caught in the tempest?
Answer:- The tempest had in a strange manner brought all the enemies of Prospero to the island. The people who were caught in the ship were Antonio, Ferdinand, the king of Naples, Gonzalo and the crew.
Question No.10 What did Ariel remind Prospero of, when Prospero mentioned more work?
Answer:- When Prospero mentioned more work, Ariel reminded him of his promise that he had made with him which was to give Ariel his liberty.