Category Grammar

In this section, readers can find lessons regarding grammatopics.

It is the knowledge of grammar that can teach us how to write correctly and speak correctly. Flowery expression or effective expression may not be grammatically correct. So grammar is the root and expression is the fruit. In this section you will find the posts that have been introduced to make the subject more comprehensive and grammar oriented

Adjectives With No Comparative or Superlative Forms

Adjectives with no comparative or superlative forms Some English adjectives which were once used in the comparative degree have lost their comparative meaning. They are now used as positive adjectives. Examples are: former, latter, elder, upper, inner, outer and utter. The former part of the story is more interesting than the latter part. He has…
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Relative Pronouns – Uses, Examples and Worksheets

The relative pronouns who, which and that When words like who, whom, which and that are used to introduce relative clauses, they are called relative pronouns. Who, which and that can be the subjects of verbs in relative clauses. Who refers to people and which refers to things. That can refer to both people and things. What is the name of…
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Active and Passive Uses of Participles

Active and Passive Uses of Participles When –ing forms are used like adjectives or adverbs, they have similar meanings to active verbs. Running water = water that runsRolling stone = a stone that rollsFalling leaves = leaves that fall When past participles are used like adjectives or adverbs, they have…
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Adverbs Worksheet ( Solved)

Adverbs Worksheet Find out the adverbs or adverb phrases in the following sentences 1. He left home in the morning. 2. He asked the same question again. 3. The old beggar sat under a tree. 4. She is old enough to know better. 5. Fortunately, he escaped unhurt. 6. When…
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Short Answers to Questions

Short Answers Affirmative short answers to questions are made with ‘Yes + pronoun + auxiliary verb’ / ‘Of course + pronoun + auxiliary’ / ‘Yes, of course’ / ‘Of course’. ‘Could you help me?’ ‘Yes, of course.’ ‘Will you wait for me?’ ‘Of course.’ ‘Can you speak English?’ ‘Of course, I can.’ ‘Do you…
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Reporting Questions – Rules and Examples

Reporting questions In reported questions the subject normally comes before the verb. Direct speech: James asked, ‘Why are you going?’ Indirect speech: James asked me why I was going. (NOT James asked me why was I going.) Direct speech: I asked, ‘Where are they staying?’ Indirect speech: I asked them where they were staying.…
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Change of Tenses in Indirect Speech

Change of Tenses in Indirect Speech A change of time may mean a change of tense. So after past reporting verbs, the verbs of original speech are usually made more past. A simple present tense in the direct speech becomes simple past in the reported speech. Direct speech: James said, ‘I am ready.’ Indirect…
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Present or Future Tense Worksheet

Present or Future Tense Worksheet Complete the following sentences using the most appropriate form of the verb. 1. The plane ———————- at 6.30. (arrives / will arrive) 2. I will phone you if I ————————– time. (have / will have) 3. I ———————- James on Monday. (will see / am…
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Tenses Worksheet Solved

Tenses Worksheet Fill in the blanks with appropriate verb forms. 1. I —————————- Malaysia last month. a) Have visitedb) Had visitedc) Visited 2. I ——————————– waiting for his reply for two weeks now. a) Have beenb) Amc) Had been 3. I ———————– you. a) Am believingb) Believec) Have been believing…
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Sequence of Tenses Worksheet

Sequence of Tenses Worksheet If you begin writing in the past tense, don’t change to the present. Fill in the blanks using appropriate verb forms. Note that the paragraph starts in the past tense and should remain in the past tense. Once upon a time, there lived a crocodile in…
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