1. What does the simile, “who die as cattle” suggest about the death of the young soldiers?
The comparison of the soldiers to dying cattle suggest the number of casualties, as well as a tinge of anger, at how their lives are being disposed of without much thought in the name of war.
2. What literary device is used to create images rather than simply offer descriptions of the weapons of war in the first octet of the poem?
The first stanza is filled with uses of onomatopoeia: stuttering, puttering, patter, shrill, and wailing.
3. Why do you think the speaker employs religious terminology in the first stanza of the poem? What does it say about his view of organized religion and war?
The use of religious terminology and imagery remain consistent with the undertone of irony and sarcasm found throughout the poem. In the first stanza, the use refers to the lack of hope and grace on the battlefield.
4. How does Owen link the two stanzas of his poem? Why does it break?
The two stanzas of the poem are linked by the idea of a calling. The first stanza concludes with the calling of bugles to war, while the second stanza begins with the calling of candles from war. The poem breaks to show the transition from the action of the first stanza to the inaction (through death) of the second.
5. What do the soldiers receive in lieu of a funeral?
Rather than proper burials, the soldiers receive the thoughts of those they left behind.
6. What is the term for the repetition of the ‘r’ sound in “rifles’ rapid rattle”?
The above phrase exemplifies alliteration. The repetition of the ‘a’ sound in rapid and rattle is also an example of assonance.
Note: To fully appreciate the poem, students should be shown a reproduction of “Landscape with the Fall of Icarus,” by artist Pieter Brueghel. The poem is essential to interpreting the poem’s second stanza.
1. What is the poem suggesting about the nature of cruelty?
The poem suggests that cruelty is a natural part of all our lives, and that suffering affects everyone.
2. Who in the poem cares about human suffering?
The speaker of the poem infers that the ones who care about human suffering are the children. The suggestion is that children are too young to have experienced suffering themselves, and so the witness of it affects them more.
3. What is the theme of the poem? Choose one image from the poem and explain how it reinforces this message.
The theme of the poem is about the universality of human suffering. The poem’s images suggest how suffering is constantly taking place, though not to everyone at the same time.
Students’ responses to the second part of the question will vary, but should reinforce the above mentioned theme.
4. Why do you think the poet chose Peter Bruegel’s “Icarus” to illustrate his theme of the world’s indifference to human suffering ?
Answers may vary. Example: The village folk in the poem would have been aware of Icarus’ failure, but they continue to move on with their work. The images suggest that suffering does not move people to act any differently than they normally do because it is experienced by all.
5. Some critics have argued that this poem hints at Auden’s decision to turn back toChristianity. What signs do you find in this poem that signal this may be true?
In line seven, Auden mentions the “miraculous birth,” probably a reference to Christ’s birth. The theme of tragedy is also reminiscent of Christ and his tragic end.
“Do Not Go Gentle Into that Good Night” by Dylan Thomas
1. What is the tone of the poem?
The poem’s tone is one of anger and persuasion. The speaker is urging readers to not succumb to death.
2. What is the “dying of the light”?
The dying of the night is a metaphor for death.
3. As the note above the poem suggests, it is an example of a villanelle. A villanelle is a poem consisting of 19 lines, but only two rhymes. It also repeats two lines throughout the poem. Why do you think Thomas has chosen to write his poem following the traditional form of a villanelle?
Answers may vary. Example: Thomas writes a villanelle to show the constrictions placed on men by death. By writing his poem about rebellion in a constricting form, its theme is reinforced.
4. According to the first stanza, what does the speaker seem to be asking? Put your response in your own words.
Answers may vary. Example: The speaker is saying that you should fight against dying and that old age should not be a reason to give in to death.
5. What kind of men should rage against the dying of the light? What four types of men does Thomas address?
Thomas addresses “wise men,” “good men,” “Wild men,” and “grave men.”
6. Consider the punctuation used in the first two lines of the poem’s last stanza. What do the caesurae (commas) suggest about the speaker’s feelings toward his father?
The commas separate the speaker’s ideas and add a feeling of spontaneity to the words. The second line, “Curse, bless, me now with your fierce tears, I pray” does not suggest that the speaker wants to be cursed and blessed by his father, but rather that he has cursed, blessed, and prayed for his father. The speaker, the son, is forced to live with the pain of the dead father: “me now with your fierce tears.”
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Host an immersive virtual event that helps the students to understand infrastructure, culture and programs of diverse universities from all across the globe. A Virtual Fair empowers Universities exhibiting at Virtual Education Fair to promote via custom virtual booths. Universities use the highly configurable booths to customize their space and showcase their unique offerings at the Virtual Fair. Open the gates to free-flowing two-way communication between students and university representatives at the Education Fair through chat facilities and webinars to bring about a more engaging interactive experience.Education Fair for agents will also help them to give a better update about the various International education information to students. Keep tracking student feedback to improve and update the event’s content through polls, feedback surveys and questionnaires.
UA Networks presents Virtual Open Fair, an online platform where universities and students directly get connected. There are number of universities booths inside this platform. And the student can visit any university booth of their choice. The university can share their documents, present webinars and even chat publicly or privately with individual students. Students can access information from anywhere, ask questions, engage with benefits and connect directly to Virtual open fair. The students can have direct conversation with the university representatives and get information about various courses and programs offered. As an international educational consultant, VOF helps you to expand in generating and collecting leads from agents locality. UAN will generate a link for agents and agents can market the particular link through any social media and can get the student leads. VOF is a value added service for UAN subscribe agents, all the students attending the virtual open fairs will choose some or the other university through our platform. The biggest advantage the students will be getting is that university representatives will be directly conversing with the students. So it actually makes the agent’s job easy since the university will counsel the student effectively. Through UAN can process the applications and can easily complete the admission process. A Virtual Open Fair is an excellent tool for Overseas student recruiting consultants to get huge number of student leads without spending a fortune on advertisements. Virtual Open Fair brings multiple universities together on a common virtual platform so that students get an opportunity to learn in detail about more than one university in one go and that too without having to worry about unnecessary overheads like travel, accommodation, food, etc.In Open Fairs, you can learn about everything from funding, to accommodation and exploring various study options. Students can have close discussions about post-academic activities like stay back, placements, permanent residence etc. The students get free visa counselling enabling a better Student agent networks. The students can get career guidance from university faculty and also courses offered which can match the student goals.
UA Networks is associated with Virtual Open Fair to help agents get maximum students leads. This platform is compatible globally and supports the student recruitment services. It is not about the number, they care about the student’s enrolment effectiveness of the channel based on success rates and costs.
UAN is an optimum opportunity that serves all the expectations of the agents with minimum risk and high rewards. Commissions, rewards and recognitions, our fully automated ERP software for student recruitment are just the features with UAN, the agents can use to begin with. The contacts, connections and the people they serve values more. Anyone could be literally lured with the essential value additions.
Even UAN does the same for a better good for its patrons. Fortunately for UAN, we ensure that the platform is competent to handle the essential technical demands to keep up the pace and brace the business maneuvers we intend to plough in the long run. In this era of cut throat technological anarchy, it’s turning out to be a knock out series for those businesses who ignore to upgrade or can’t afford to do so. But with UAN, we think both can be subtly tackled. We mitigate the cost of subscription in comparison to the benefits we serve to our patrons. The ability to expand and explore using this vast business opportunities is like an infinite abyss.
Choosing an overseas education during your university years is one of the most rewarding decisions you will ever make in your life. Study bachelors abroad will benefit you in ways beyond your imagination and expectations. It will offer you an opportunity to discover a unique diversified culture, make lifelong friendships and connections, and receive an education that goes a long way in your holistic development. By studying abroad you become part of your new environment, contributing your own unique background and ideas while learning new customs and discovering new ways of doing things. Seeing the world through an open-minded perspective makes you a culturally aware global citizen, and that is a passport that will benefit you wherever you go. After bachelors, more and more of today’s students are considering the value of international study and looking beyond their own borders for postgraduate courses as it helps increase your employability and broaden your horizons. Study masters abroad have been the dream of many students because of the quality education and infrastructure.
Studying in a foreign institute comes with a long list of pre-requisites that needs to be fulfilled prior to your admission. One of the most common and important requirement is language proficiency test scores. Even though IELTS/TOEFL marks are major criteria for admission, there are many universities in different parts of the world that grant admissions and let you study in abroad without IELTS or TOEFL. You can study abroad without IELTS in many universities located in countries such as Australia, Canada, UK, Norway & Germany.
Along with this benefit, there are lots of international scholarships offered by many governments, organizations and specific universities. A study in abroad scholarship is a monetary award for students to use toward the expenses of their program such as travel, course, credits, books and lodging. Most students don’t know is that they can actually apply their current on-campus financial aid package to their study abroad trip in addition to scholarships. In fact, for some students, particularly those who pay out-of-state-tuition, studying abroad can sometimes be cheaper than a traditional on-campus semester.
All these benefits can be experienced by being part of Global study portal. You can search for various universities, courses, bachelors and master programs that provide scholarships and the programs and universities that do not require IELTS. You can also be connected with our study abroad consultants so that your path towards your dream career will be fulfilled with ease.
UAN provides a dedicated education service ERP for educational consultant which automates an agent’s student recruitment process from counseling to post enrollments with the relevant educator’s as their key deliverables. The application is designed to support and promote a consortium of globally top-ranked universities that are signing up for our support functions on a regular basis. Depending on their subscriptions, the agents can also customize their promotional tools according to the degree of reach and the targets they need in any global ground. It also accustoms the agents with a set of business tool kits like the newsletters, proposals, agreements, and custom contracts that they wish to use as and when demanded under different circumstances. The module automates the business for an agent, from the moment they subscribe and select the universities they wish to work with. This way it’s a onetime contract to multiple universities. This user-friendly system integrates agent’s intricate activities including pre-assessment, find courses and Universities, admission application, processing, feedbacks, refunds, agent commercials and a lot more. This way we ensure that everybody is transparent with everything they need to know under the contract that passes through different patrons under a recruitment process. All this happens through this elaborate agent ERP.
An international student recruitment consultant will be often representing more than two hundred institutions that cover a wide range of their education service portfolio. This will be typically focused toward a set of qualified candidates in the target market. Hypothetically, if you happen to be a low ranked institution or an upcoming education institution, it is highly likely that your organization won’t make it into the top priority recruitment list of the agents. The reason for the same being set out by the recruiters is the fact that everyone in the service industry is looking out for efficient resource management options. If an agent considers using the programs offered by such an upcoming educator in the market, it will be an additional expense from his valet to educate his resources with the essential knowledge and training, about the institution, their programs and the ways by which they can make the client pitch with them, etc. It consumes time, money, pain, and hard work. At times these kinds of schools are also neglected with relevance to the commission slabs offered, their work culture, history, etc. Another reason put across by the agents while contracting with such institutions is the fact that they are not geared up to handle international recruitments. This is because of their incapacity to make things run smoothly under the surveillance of a 24/7 support system. The time zone differences and the lack of a support system with the institutes always cause miss communications and loss of information’s, which can often agitate the agents and may cause severe damages to their contracts. The above-mentioned notes pose a lot of risk from the agent perspective while performing recruitment activities for a targeted intake.
Consultants who make the right use of these technologies are always in the business forefront. This even makes international student recruitment a borderless business. UA-Networks are an international student recruitment platform that has envisioned these technologies as a major people engagement tool to enhance the business opportunity in the education sector. This has actually given rise to the sharing of knowledge and information with prospective candidates. It’s not just the agents or the educators who have updated information or technology, but the students or the prospective candidates demands the same in this era. For the same, we ensure that UAN which is a Europe student recruitment platform keeps in track of following factors while rendering the essential services. Whatever be the issue, we have dedicated ourselves to find coherent solutions which will help you in your endeavor. We believe in the strength of growing together, not apart. Join us to explore the unexcavated sites in international education, to decipher the best possible solutions to existing concerns, to develop a new perspective and even more.
Europe is one of the oldest continents, each country is quite unique, steeped in history, and there is always something new and interesting to discover, regardless of the study destination you will choose. Latvia or Lithuania? Greece or Italy? The choice is endless – from highly ranked research universities to smaller, specialized European colleges. European courses will open your eyes to new opportunities – and give you an education that employers around the world will really value and respect.
No matter where you choose to study, you’ll only be a short train ride or flight away from other countries and cultures. Studying in Europe allows you to explore the world – while you study and when you finish your Degree in Europe.
Europe has developed a quality assurance scheme, covering all European higher education courses. You’ll find European degrees are great value for money – tuition fees and living expenses are very reasonable, international scholarships are widely available, and education is highly valued in all countries.
Many countries from Europe are home to some of the top-ranked universities worldwide. Students benefit from a highly supportive and multicultural academic environment and you can find a plethora of English-taught programs. In some cases, you don’t even have to pay tuition fees. But which are the best countries for studying abroad in Europe?
Study in Latvia
Located along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, Latvia is considered a geographic hotspot for its role as a crossroad between the East, West, North, and South. Due to its unique location, it has been influenced by the varied traditions of its neighboring countries, thus offering a multi-cultural experience for students taking up an education in Latvia. Those pursuing study abroad in Latvia will also notice that the nation’s openness to outside influences is evident in its education system, as Latvian higher education institutions are active members of international organizations in various fields of study. Foreigners taking up an education in Latvia are not an uncommon sight either, as the Latvian education system had more than 5,400 international enrollees, with the number growing steadily every year.
With its colorful history and its important geographic location, Lithuania is the bustling connecting hub between Western and Eastern Europe. The small nation with a population of just about 2.8 million has been an EU member since 2004 and, in 2015, adopted the Euro as its official currency. Over the past two decades, Lithuania’s education system has seen exciting reforms. Today, there are hundreds of interesting English-taught study options available to international students.
Study in Greece
Greece does have quite reasons to commend itself for the international student experience. Especially if you are a history buff or interested in archaeology. What you will find in Greece are amazing monuments and well-preserved items of one of the most important birthplaces of today’s western civilization.
Study in the Czech Republic
The high quality and tradition of the Czech education and research are widely recognized, especially when it comes to studying Science, Engineering or Medicine in the Czech Republic.
Italy is good for studies; you will get admission in Top-ranked universities with low tuition fees. With a varied selection of courses and disciplines, international students in Italy can take advantage of all this country has to offer, while pursuing credits in their designated field of interest.
Associate with University agent networks today, best platform for student recruitment. It is a student recruitment platform for agents in order to recruit students to this beautiful country. UAN mainly provides student recruitment service. UAN, being a trusted partner for top European universities will help provide a hassle-free process and allow students to pursue their dreams.
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Introduction: Ode on a Grecian Urn is undoubtedly the most renowned ode in the history of English literature. This is a perfectly written, an irregular ode
so though the rhyme been has used throughout, but not in a strict way as in other is done in other forms of ode. John Keats has tried to praise the features of classical Greek art through his ode. Consequently, there cannot be another poetic form is as appropriate as this ode which is a true illustration of classical Greek art itself.
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Summary of Ode on a Grecian Urn
John Keats is one of the greatest poets. His poems are monuments of meticulous craftsmanship and supreme aestheticism. A victim of frustrated love, he is concerned with themes of love in much of his poetry. So he’s known as the love poet. Some of his poems demonstrate his capacity to create an imaginary world out of the common experience. Ode On a Grecian Urn is a good example of this.
In this Keat’s was influenced by the experience of the Greek sculpture. He was a fantastic Greek art admirer. The poem is a philosophical reflection on the connection between art and life, immortality and human death, and the Platonic concept of Truth and Beauty. To the poet, art is the product of intellect, which is inspired by nature. It produces an ideal world far above than common world of life where people are suffering from illness, sadness, pain, starvation, poverty, and death.
The sight of the sculptured images on the Grecian Urn inspires a sense of wonder in the poet. He calls the Urn as a bride wedded to quietness and remaining a virgin. She is the foster child of Time and Silence. Time, the great destroyer has preserved its beauty. It is a timeless thing. Since it represents life, it is a product of time. At the same time, it is immortal. The Urn is a ‘silver historian’ because it gives us a history of the pastoral life of the ancient world. The beautiful woodland scene engraved on it tells us a story far more sweetly than any poem. The poet wonder if the figures are humans or gods. It could be both. He sees the maidens being pursued by their lovers and musicians playing pipes and timbrels. Their ecstasy becomes his.
The poet is inspired and feels a sense of wonder by the sight of marvelous images sculptured on the Urn. He addresses the Urn as a bride wedded to quietness and remaining a virgin. She’s a foster kid of Time and Silence Time the great destroyer has maintained its beauty. It’s something timeless. It is a product of time because it constitutes life. It’s immortal at the same time. The Urn is a ‘silver historian’ as it provides us a history of the ancient world’s pastoral life. The lovely woodland scene engraved on it informs us a tale much sweeter than any poem. The poet wonders if people or gods are the figures. It might be both. He sees the maidens being pursued by their lovers and musicians playing pipes and timbrels. Their ecstasy becomes his.
Keats takes up the themes engraved on Urn one by ine. Firstly, he sees a musician playing his pipe under a tree. The poet is unable to hear the “unheard melodies.” So he imagines that “unheard melodies” are much sweeter than melodies that have been heard. The musical instruments on the Urn are not playing to the “sensual ear,” but they are playing to the soul in us. The tree is immortal as well. It is never going to shed its leaves. Therefore, nature and human beings in the Urn are glad and happy.
A courageous lover attempting to kiss his beloved is another scene. In fact, he never kisses her, but he doesn’t have to worry about it because his sweetheart will never grow old and his love for her will never die. They love one another forever, and they are young and lovely forever. The images like. tree, piper, and lover depict nature, art, and life. All these pictures in the marble urn inform us about the nature-life relationship. In Art, the imperfections of life are dissolved.
Then the poet defines an engraved scene of pagan sacrifice on the urn. A priest is seen leading a heifer to a decorated altar and a big crowd following the priest to attend the ritual. The small town by the sea or river is eternally emptied because the people have gone to attend the sacrifice. These roads are forever going to stay silent. In contrast to the previous scenes, this scene is solemn and severe, which are happier than others. Keats utilizes this image to suggest the concept that even when dealing with tragic and solemn stuff, art provides pleasure.
Addressing the Grecian Urn once again, the poet recognizes the importance of his message to mankind. The images engraved on Grecian Urn quietly laugh at mankind because we are mortals and suffer from disease, pain, and sadness. Our life is even shorter than the lightening life itself. The Grecian urn images are immortal, telling us that “Truth is Beauty and Beauty is Truth. Beauty and truth are the same. Keats pays glorious homage to art’s immortality in this poem. Beauty is about to die, but Arts make it immortal.
Art is fantastic because it is not affected by the sorrow and wretchedness of the world of reality. Keats demonstrates us in this poem that art can capture and immortalize from real-life one fleeting moment of beauty. Human life and happiness are short, but art enshrines them with a perfect beauty that bestows them eternity Any beauty that is not truthful and any reality that is not lovely is irrelevant to mankind.
citadel – fortress dales – vales timbrels – small hand drums pious – devout brede –embroidery
Questions and Answers
1. The poem opens with a series of comparisons between the urn and random types of people. The comparison between the non-living urn and the very much alive people is known as what?
Ans. The comparisons come in the form of metaphors, but the attribution of living qualities to the urn is known as personification.
2. What is the first picture that the speaker sees on the urn?
Ans. The speaker sees a picture of men chasing women and asks what the reason could be.
3. Why are the melodies played by the piper in the urn’s second picture superior to those played by actual, living pipers?
Ans. The melodies played in the picture, though silent, are unaffected by time and are unconstrained in meaning.
4. Why, according to the speaker, will the town of the fourth stanza be silent “evermore”?
Ans. The town will be silent because its citizens, as depicted in the picture on the urn, have fled it and are frozen in time in the picture.
5. How does the speaker engage, interact, or react to each picture on the urn? Do his responses change? Why?
Ans. The speaker tries to ask questions of the urn with the first picture, but seeing how the urn cannot answer him, he abandons the line of questioning. With the second picture, the speaker tries to imagine what the experience of the characters on the urn must be like, trying hard to identify with them. His attempts, though, remind him of his own life and how he is tied to his experiences, so he abandons this line of interaction. Finally, with the third picture, the speaker tries to think about the characters as though they are experiencing time. His theory gives the picture an origin and destination; but then, unable to know if the journey is completed, he becomes captivated by the static nature of the urn. His responses show a progression in his identification with art.
6. Who speaks the poem’s final line, “that is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know”?
Answers may vary. This question has been debated by critics since the poem’s first publication. If the speaker is the speaker of the poem, the line signifies that he understands the limits of art. If the speaker is the urn, then perhaps art shows that there is no limitation to life. The speaker may also be directly addressing the urn itself or the reader.
7. What is the meaning of “unravished bride”?
Ans. “Unravished bride” implies a bride not spoiled by man’s hand. Her chastity is still maintained. The sentence not only stresses the untouched beauty of the urn but also takes us to the point that the urn is spiritually lovely. No one can comprehend the secret of its marvelous beauty.