Essay on Camel
A camel is an animal with one or two humps on its back. To find food and water in the desert is hard. People and most animals find it difficult to survive there. But the camel is born to live in the desert. They are found in many dry and desert countries. It can stay alive in the harsh desert climate and it can help the people to live there too. They store fat and nutrients in their humps and can go for long periods without eating or drinking. Camels are used for carrying people and loads. Camels are of two kinds: the dromedary of India, the Middle East and northern Africa has only one hump. The Bactrian camel of central Asia has two humps. Both can go for long periods with little food or water by living off the fat of their humps and whatever desert plants they can find. When a camel does reach water at an oasis, it can easily drink as much as 114 litters (25gallons) in just ten minutes.
The camel is an important form of transport in deserts. It can travel more than 40 kilometres (25 miles) through the desert in a day with a 100-kilogramme (220-pound) load on its back. The people who live in the desert eat dried camel meat, which is an important source of protein. A camel’s hump fat is melted to be used as butter and its thick milk is a good source of energy on long desert journeys. The dried camel dung is used as fuel for cooking and boiling water. Moreover, the soft-haired skin of cancel is used to weave clothes, blankets and even tents.
The Camel’s Secrets:
Here are some of the little known secrets about the ship of the desert that how they become able to survive in such difficult situations:
- A camel can close its nostrils whenever it wants. That way, even sandstorms do not bother it.
- The camel’s eyelashes are long. This prevents sand and dust from getting into its eyes.
- The camel moves both legs on the same side at the same time. Not many animals walk this way.
- The hump stores fat, which the camel can use when it cannot find food. The heat that builds up in the camel’s body releases from the hump.
- The camel has broad pads on the bottom of its feet which helps it from sinking in the soft desert sand.
- Camels can tolerate a wide range of body temperatures and sweat very little. This conserves body fluid. People die if they lose more than 12 per cent of their body fluid.