Simple Future Tense
Let’s study The Simple Future Tense Now. Here, in this post, we have provided you a simple but complete and easy explanation about Simple Future Tense.
The simple future tense expresses the actions that happen at one particular time in the future.
- It will snow tomorrow.
- I shall watch TV tonight.
- The Simple Future tense
Subject + WILL / SHALL +VERB (infinitive)
The use of “shall” with I or we to express future time is possible uncommon in American English. Shall is used more frequently in British English than in American English.
- Keth will have a look at this one tonight.
- I will come to your house.
Simple Future tense: WILL and BE GOING TO
WILL or BE GOING TO is used to express future time. In spoken English, going to is often pronounced “gonna.”
- Lim will finish his work tomorrow.
- Lim is going to finish his work tomorrow.
- Mei will not be here tomorrow.
- Mei won’t be tomorrow.
NOTE: WILL NOT = WON’T
WILL vs. BE GOING TO
To express a prediction use either “WILL” or “Be GOING TO”:
- According to the weather report, it will be cloudy tomorrow.
- According to the weather report, it is going to be cloudy tomorrow.
- Be careful! You‘ll hurt yourself!
Watch out! You‘re going to hurt yourself. when the speaker is making a prediction (a statement about something s/he thinks will be true or will occur in the future), either will or be going to is possible.
There is no difference in meaning between NO (1) and (2), there is no difference in meaning between NO (3) and (4).
To express a PRIOR Plan: use only BE GOING TO
- A: Why did you buy this paint?
- B: I’m going to paint my bedroom tomorrow.
- I talked to Bob yesterday. He is tired of taking the bus to work. He’s going to buy a car. That’s what he told me.
When the speaker is expressing a prior plan ( something the speaker intends to do in the future because in the past s/he has made a plan or decision to do it ), only be going to is used.
In these case, Will is not appropriate.
To express WILLINGNESS: use only WILL
- A: The phone’s ringing.
B: I’ll get it.
A: I don’t understand this problem.
B: Ask your teacher about it. She’ll help you.
In example (1): speaker “B” is saying “I’m willing. I am happy to get the phone.” He is not making a prediction. He has made no prior plan to answer the phone. He is, instead, volunteering to answer the phone and uses will to show his willingness.
Example (2) :
Speaker “B” feels sure about the teacher’s willingness to help. “Be going to” is not appropriate in those two examples.