From The Diary Of A Young Girl
Category : NCERT SOLUTIONS CLASS 10TH
From The Diary Of A Young is an extract from Anne Frank’s Diary. Anne Frank is a sweet and young Jewish girl who lives in Amsterdam with her family. She was given a diary on her thirteenth birthday which she finds a very useful gift and in which she chronicles all the important events of her life from 12 June 1942 to 1 August 1944.
Main Attractions of The Lessons
The diary captures a close examination of daily life under Nazi occupation. It has been originally written in Dutch. It becomes one of the world’s widely read books.
In the diary, Anne Frank also provides us with a brief sketch of her life and her emotional attachment with her grandmother.
The most interesting thing that Anne Frank writes about in the diary is that she presents a scenario of the classroom in which Mr Keesing, Maths teacher, is always annoyed with her because she talks too much and as a punishment, he assigns her extra homework. He tells her to write an essay on “A Chatterbox’ and on other subjects like it. She, however, very smartly justifies in her written essay for being a chatterbox that makes Mr Keesing allow Anne to talk in the class at the end.
Anne thinks that it is an odd experience for someone like her to keep a diary because according to her nobody will be interested in the unbosomings of a thirteen-year-old schoolgirl. However, she rethinks that she shall not bother if someone likes her ideas or not. She feels like writing and she shall pour out all the things buried inside her heart.
Now, Anne quotes the saying that ” paper is more patient than man”. Perhaps she is in search of a true friend with who she can express all the feelings and worries of her life. Finally, she finds a friend and calls it Kitty. It is not a human but her diary in which she openly pours out her most intimate feelings.
In the next paragraph, Anne elaborates the reason why she writes in the diary in spite of her odd feeling about it. She tells that nobody can believe that a girl of thirteen feels herself alone and truly she is not as she has darling parents and a loving sister of sixteen. On the surface, she has everything, a beautiful family, loving aunts and a good home. But she is not able to get closer to her relations to the extent she desires and that is the root cause why she starts writing a diary. It is that she has no real friend.
Facsimile Of Anne’s Diary
Anne says that in order to improve in her mind the picture of her friend for whom she waited for a long time, she does not put down the facts as the most people do, but she wants the diary to be her friend and she calls this friend Kitty.
Now in the next section, Anne Frank provides a brief sketch of her life. She says that she has the respectable father Otto Frank and a mother Edith Hollander Frank. She also has a loving sister Margot who was born in Frankfurt in Germany in 1926 and herself was born on 12 June 1929. All of her parents migrated to Holland in 1933 and Anne and her sister first go to Aachen to stay with their dearest grandmother then after some time they also go to Holland.
About education, Anne writes that she starts learning at the Montessori nursery school where Mrs Kuperus is her teacher.
In 1941, Anne’s Grandma falls ill and she dies in January 1942. Anne expresses that only she herself knows how much she misses her grandmother. She still loves her even after her death.
Anne further talks about her classroom situation. She tells Kitty that their entire class is trembling with fear for the simple reason that their exams are coming very soon. The half of the students are making bets with one another telling, ” You’re going to pass ” No I am not “. Anne says that she is not sure who can pass because according to her the teachers are the most unpredictable living beings on the earth.
Proceeding forward, Anne says that she has nine teachers seven of them are male and two are female. She is going fine with all teachers except Mr Keesing who is always annoyed with her because she is too much talkative. Mr Keesing warns her several times to control her talkative behaviour but fails. At last, he assigns her extra homework several times. At the first time, he tells her to write an essay on the topic, A Chatterbox”.After pondering enough, Anne succeeds in writing three pages on the subject in which justifies that talking is a student’s trait. She further writes that she will try her best to control the behaviour but one is helpless to do anything with inherited traits. Mr Keesing has a good laugh at her argument.
When Anne proceeds to talk in her manner she is assigned the second essay. This time the subject of the essay is ‘ An incorrigible Chatterbox’.This time too Anne is able to write a good essay on the subject. This makes Mr Keesing keep calm for two whole periods.
Note: Incorrigible means that thing or person which / who cannot be corrected.
But during the third period, Mr Keesing gets angry once again and assigns Anne one more essay entitled ‘Quack, Quack, Quack, Said Mistress Chatterbox’.The entire class roared because they feel the subject as it is ridiculous.
Anne this time takes it a challenge. She thinks that this time she must come up with something different and original.
Anne tells that she feels excited when her friend Sanne who is good at poetry offers to help her in writing the essay in verse. Ultimately, they come up with a beautiful poem. The poem is about a mother duck and a father swan with three baby ducklings that are bitten to death by the father because they quacked too much. When Mr Keesing reads the poem, he takes the joke in a positive manner. He recites the poem to several class and even adds his own comments. Now Anne is not assigned any extra homework and Mr Keesing is also happy telling jokes these days.
1. Anne thinks that neither she neither any other person will be interested in the thoughts and feelings of a thirteen-year-old schoolgirl.
2. But she wants to write and reveal the things lying buried in her heart, that is her innermost feelings.
3. She wants to allow only a real friend of hers to see her diary but she has no such a friend.
4. Her relations and common friends are interested only in fun and games and she can not talk to them about anything outside the everyday routine and ordinary things.
5. She is unable to get close to her friends and relatives.
6. She wants diary to be her real friend.
7. She calls it Kitty.
1. Was Anne right when She said that the world would not be interested in the musings of a thirteen-year-old girl?
Ans. Anne has been proved very wrong because her diary became one of the most widely read books of the world and it has been translated into many other languages. In other words, the world was wonderstruck over her musings.
2. In which language was The Diary Of Anne Frank originally written?
Ans. The diary was originally written in the Dutch language. Subsequently, it was translated into many other languages of the world.
3. Why does Anne need to give a brief sketch about her family? Does she treat Kitty as an insider or an outsider?
Ans. Anne thinks that nobody will be able to understand her musings if she goes straight to the topic. That is the reason why she thinks it necessary to give a brief sketch of her family. She does not treat Kitty as an outsider but a very intimate insider with whom she can share her innermost feelings and vicissitudes.
4. How does Anne feel about her father, her grandmother, Mrs Kuperus and Mr Keesing? What do these tell you about her?
Ans. Anne loves all of them except Mr Keesing. She calls her father the most adorable father she has ever seen. She often remembers her grandmother and misses her too much. She owns also an intimate relationship with Mrs Kuperus as they are both in tears when they part each other. So far Mr Keesing is concerned, he always remains annoyed with her because she talks too much. She calls him an old fogey. Ann’s analysis of these characters shows that even in young age she happens to be a good judge of human character.
5. What does Anne write in her first essay?
Ans. In her first essay, Anne writes that talking is a student’s trait. She also writes that she will try to keep it under control but she can’t do so because her mother also talked as much as she does. She means to say that talking is her inherited trait and it is not much you can do about inherited traits.
6. Anne says teachers are most unpredictable. Is Mr Keesing unpredictable? How?
Ans. Anne says teachers are the most unpredictable creatures on the earth. Mr Keesing proves to be very unpredictable. He seems to be strict disciplinarian at first. But when Anne comes out with the unbeatable argument in the essays assigned to her by him as a punishment for talking in the class. Mr Keesing changes his attitude towards her. He now allows her to talk in the class.
Read Also : How to Write Diary Entry
TEXT WORKSHEET OF The LESSON
When Anne starts keeping a diary she is very clear in her mind about the purpose in which she wants to confide her deeper feeling about every thing and she hopes the diary will be a source of comfort and support. In this, she was not disappointed. She uses the diary as a tool for self-expression and self-understanding and comes to depend on it to keep her spirits buoyant. As she writes she examines her own personality. That is why she is on that way and how does she interact with others. As she thinks about these topics she knows that she has two facets. On the one side, there is a talkative and imprudent girl while on the other side, there is a thoughtful and noble girl who is always trying to improve her personality.
2.Anne observes in her surrounding the status ofwoman. She does not regard either her mother norMrs. Van Daan. Neither of whom had careersoutside the home as role models. She decides that for her, loving a husband and raising children would not give her sufficient fulfilment. She wants to make her world distinguish to the traditionalwoman like her mother and Mrs. Van Daan. Shewants to make a huge impact on the world. Her writing reflects a distinct feminist consciousness ready to emerge. She considers woman’s inferiority to man as a great injustice. Through her diary she understands herself as a growing woman and figures out her role in her future life.
3.Anne’s faith in God and religion is not something that she learns from her parents. She develops a religious faith to help her in the difficult situation she has to face in life. It is something she isdeveloping from within herself. Her confinement has forced her to consider life in a way that might not have developed until much later. As she had anormal childhood where there was love and freedombut in the difficult situation during hiding. Herreligious faith helps her have stoic attitude to thesituation. She thinks that being able to believe in ahigher power is a blessing for anyone. Although sheis not interested in any particular religious doctrine.The fact that her friend Peter lacks any religious faith is a cause of disappointment to her.
4.Anne Frank’s relationship with her Judaism is onewhich can be surmised from her writing. A label cannot be put on her religious beliefs that the entriesin her diary represent the depth or complexity ofher relationship with God, Judaism and her culturalJewish heritage. It is commonly assumed that EdithFrank (mother) and Margot (sister) were religiousmembers of the family who usually visit synagogue,while Otto Frank (father) and Anne stayed at home.The Frank family observed Jewish holidays. Thefamily seems to have been proud of their Jewish heritage. Anne’s age inhibits our ability to qualifyor quantify her lesvel of religious feeling or herrelationship with Judaism. Over all, Anne of thediary identified herself with the Jewish people. Shefeels deeply for their sufferings from which thefamily is temporarily spared. It refers to her Jewishfaith and God.
WORKSHEET 711.Mrs. Van Daan’s actual name is Auguste Van Pelsbut Anne calls her Petronella Van Daan in her diary. She is Mr. Van Daan’s wife. Anne initially describes Mrs. Van Daan as a friendly, teasing woman, but later calls her an instigator. She is afatalist and can be petty, egoistical, flirtatious,stingy and disagreeable. Mrs. Van Daan frequently complains about the family situation. She is argumentative in nature. So most often there hadbeen a terrible argument between her and herhusband Van Daan but she loves her son Peterwhen he was punished by Mr. Van Daan and wasnot allowed to eat. Mrs. Van Daan wanted to savea piece of bread for her darling son. As she keepsbusy in criticism so Anne does not admire or respect her. Mrs. Van Daan does not survive two wars but the exact date of her death is unknown