The Child’s Prayer by Sir Muhammad Iqbal
The poem ” The Child’s Prayer” is about the pious and upright wishes of a child. It begins with the noble words in which the child expresses his heart. He says that his wishes come to his lips as a supplication. He prays God that he longs to become a candle so he can vanish the murkiness of the world and fill it with light. The writer actually intends to state that he may turn into an illuminated individual with the goal that he can expel the ignorance of the world. He wishes to edify the entire world with his knowledge. He wishes to be a candle that benefits others while it is waxing. He likewise needs to embellish his country as blooms decorate a garden. The child supplicates that he may become like a delightful blossom so he can embellish his dearest land with his wonderful presence and fragrance of knowledge like the blooms adorn the garden.
He wants to love knowledge with the same passion and zest that we find in a month for a candle. He implores that his passion to love the candle of knowledge be like that of a moth which goes around the shining light in zest and passion.
The child longs to become a missionary. He implores God that he may serve poor people and the destitute and it might become the principal mission of his life. He equally needs to be thoughtful towards the weak and those in torment.
In the last line, the child prays God to protect him from all snares of evil. He petitions God for a solid will and faith with the goal that he could lead his life in the ethical ways.
Thus, the child wants his whole life to be spent in the service of mankind.
Understanding the poem
Question No.1 Who is the speaker in the poem and to whom it is addressed?
Answer: The speaker of the poem is a child and the poem is addressed to God.
Question No. 2 What does the child wish to be? List his wishes in the order they are discussed in the poem.
Answer: The child’s wishes are:
1. He wishes to become candlelight so that he can banish the darkness of the world.
2. He wants to beautify his motherland like the flowers beautify the garden.
3. He wants to become a missionary so that he can help the poor and those in pain.
4. He wants to keep himself away from all the snares of evil.
5. Above all, he wants to walk on the virtuous ways in his life.
Question No.3 Why does the child want to be:
a) Candle (b) Moth (c) Blossom
Answer: a) The child wants to be like a candle so that he could end the darkness of the world.
b) He wants to love the candle of knowledge with the similar passion and zest as the moth goes around the shining light.
c) He wants to be like a blossom so that he could beautify his motherland like the flowers adorn the garden and make it pleasant and beautiful.
Question No.4 What is the child’s mission?
Answer: The child’ s mission in life is to love and serve the poor and needy. He is equally thoughtful towards the weak and those in pain.
Learning about literary devices
1. Identify metaphors and similes in the following lines.
My tender hopes rise to the lips I pray:
Kindly candlelight may my life be!
As the moth goes round the shining light
So let me love the candle of knowledge best!
Save me, my God, from all snares of evil:
Answer: (1) Metaphor: A metaphor is a figure of speech or literary device in which a name or a descriptive word or phrase is transferred to an object or action different from, but analogous to that to which it is literary applicable. Some examples of metaphor are:
~Your fingers are bamboo sticks.
~His mind is an ocean.
~Ali is a tiger.
Some metaphors used in the given lines are:
1) Tender hopes rise to the lips.
2) Kindly candlelight may my life be.
3) The candle of knowledge
4) Snares of evil
(2) Simile: A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another of a different kind, as an illustration. Some examples of simile are:
~ Your fingers are like bamboo sticks.
~Ali is like a tiger.
There is one simile used in the given lines which is :
1. As the moth goes round the shining light.
Urdu / Hindi Text of the Poem
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SHARING IS CARING!
Sharing knowledge has helped humanity to survive and evolve into the smart and productive species that it is today.A Candle loses nothing by lighting another candle."Margaret Fuller says, "If you have the knowledge, let others light their candles with it."