“Love Itself… includes many different types and degree of affection, such as conjugal love, parental love, familial love, religious love, love of humanity, love of animals, love of things, self love, sexual love, obsessive-compulsive love, etc”.
Sternburg (1986) conceptualized love in terms of three basic components that forms the vertices of a triangle: Intimacy, Passion and Commitment / Decision.
A. Intimacy component viewed as “Warm” which involves feeling of warmth, closeness, connection and bond in the relationship.
B. Passion is considered as hot component which involves excitement or energy of therelationship. It consists of derives that are involved in romantic and physical attraction, sexual consummation and related phenomena.
C. Decision/Commitment is a kind of “Business Aspect” of the relationship. It represents both the short term and long term relationship.It is considered as “Cold Component”. In short term, decision that one loves someone else, and in long term, the commitment to maintain that love.
These three basic components combine to produce eight different love types.
i. Non-love (No Intimacy/ Passion/ Decision or commitment): Absence of all three components of love.
ii. Liking (Intimacy only): It refers to the set of feeling one has towards another person that can be truly characterized as friendship.
iii. Infatuation (Passion only): It is “Love at first sight”. It tends to characterized by a high degree of psycho-physiological arousal,manifested in-somatic symptoms such as increase heartbeat, increased hormonal secretions.
iv. Empty love (Decision/Commitment only): It is a kind of love that is stagnant, that is going on for years but has lost both the mutual emotional involvement and physical attraction that one’s characterized them.
v. Romantic love (Intimacy and Passion): Romantic love is not only drawn physically to each other but is bounded emotionally. The view of romantic love can be seen in the
classical works of literature, such as Romeo and Juliet.
vi. Companion-ate love (Intimacy and Decision/Commitment): It is essentially a long term, committed friendship, the kind that frequently occurs in marriages in which the physical attraction has died down.
vii. Fatuous love (Passion and Decision /Commitment): The commitment is made on the basis of passion without the stabilizing element of intimate involvement.
viii.Consummate love (Intimacy, Passion and Decision/Commitment): It is a kind of love towards which many of us strive, especially in romantic relationships.
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