It is rightly said that corruption is a worldwide phenomenon. It is one of the gravest vices in the world. It has spread and taken its roots deep into every society. Even if we admit that corruption is a worldwide phenomenon, yet we have to agree that in India probably it has crossed all conceivable limits. Corruption is there right from the peon level to the level of the highest officers. The politicians are probably the most infected people.

Corruption is a major obstacle in the progress and advancement of societies. It has made useless the sweet dreams and ideal ideologies of philosophers and thinkers to create economically and socially just societies. Wealth has got alarmingly accumulated in the hands of corrupt people. The resources of a country that are primarily meant to bring prosperity to the society and the nation as a whole are used by the corrupt people to promote their own interests.

The main responsibility of the corruption lies with the governmental machinery. You can not think of moving a file from one table to another until it has wings of silver attached to it. Every locker in a government or semi-government department opens only with a silver key. To the regret of humanity, all this goes undaunted. People in authority suck the blood of the poor and needy openly and there is nobody to make them accountable. It is a strange logic that at times if a poor man is caught while giving small amounts as a bribe, he is punished but those who offer and take hefty sums hardly get exposed.

Corruption a menace

This sorry state of affairs has given birth to an alarming disorder and injustice. Corrupt people at the helm of affairs have made the things go inversely. Illiterates get jobs while qualified perish disappointed.

The rich, under such circumstances, are growing richer and the poor becoming poorer.

Corruption is evil with many heads. When one head is cut, a new head emerges and we have to grapple with this new one. The common people simply feel baffled and helpless.

However, if we have a firm determination, we can certainly overcome this menace rather sooner than later.



Games and sports are a good source of amusement. People have always sought rescue in games and sports to escape dullness and monotony. They provide us a time to forget our worries and get lost in great pleasure.

I am a fan of cricket and hardly miss watching an important match local, national or international.

Last Saturday a one-day cricket match of 50 overs was played between two reputed teams of Kashmir YCC and BCC in Srinagar at Bakshi Stadium. A large number of spectators had come to witness the match.

The match started at 10:00 am. The captain of YCC cricket team won the toss and elected to bat first. The opening pair started confidently but cautiously. They had scored 32 runs when there was a bowling change. The slow bowling with a lot of swing on a green-top wicket proved disastrous for YCC. In his very first over the slow bowler dismissed both the openers. The middle-order could not resist well his in and outswingers. He claimed two more wickets in his first spell. However, the captain played an anchor role and continued to score fearlessly. Though his partners left him at intervals, he managed to bat to the end. He was 85 not out when the last wicket fell at 198, at the end of 48th over.

BCC started at a rather slow pace. However, runs started coming once the opening pair settled well. They scored 50 runs in the first fifteen overs. In the next five overs, they hit 30 runs. Soon after the spinners were brought in, they managed to move the ball and checked the flow of runs. It made the batsmen impatient and they started hitting the ball desperately. They started losing wickets and at one occasion slumped to 125 for seven. They needed 74 runs in the last 14 fourteen overs with only three wickets in hand. The vice-captain showed courage, skill, and aggression. He hit twenty runs in 38th over with 2 sixes and 2 fours. There was a bowling change which again proved disastrous and the hitter was clean bowled. With two wickets in hand BCC still needed 36 runs in 36 balls. In the next two overs, they scored 13 runs. At this stage, the 9th wicket fell.

In the last over they had to score eight runs to win. They scored five runs off the first five balls. Now the last ball had to be bowled –one wicket for YCC and three runs by BCC was the victory target. There was extreme sensation all around. The bowler of YCC team came racing and bowled a ball of 150km speed. It took a lucky edge and crossed the fence giving a brilliant victory to BCC.

Both the teams were given warm applause for their struggle and brilliant performance. I really enjoyed the match very much.


Cinema is a wonderful means of entertainment and instruction. It is a part and parcel of mass media. Nevertheless, it has got the negative aspect that unfortunately is awfully dominant now. Undoubtedly, cinema is the greatest source of entertainment. It is an effective medium of overcoming boredom and anxiety, especially in urban areas where life is dull and tenser. Children, as well as elders, are similarly fond of the cinema shows. Of course, they often remain glued to the idiot box in their houses.

The cinema (especially T.V channels) shows a multiplicity of programs. These programs reflex various themes social, economic, political, judicial, etc. It shapes the opinion and outlook of the masses to form a just social structure. It helps us to peep into the past with a right and judicious perspective.

It has a great educative value. However, it has now made a very negative shift from constructive to destructive. Prostitution, violence, dacoity, smuggling, quarreling, exploitation, sexy scenes which are often not related to the main topic, have become the hallmarks of the modern cinema. Consequently, it has gradually shrunk our social, cultural and moral fabric and replaced it by the hateful western immodesty. The nakedness and ultra-modern fashions are flooding and damaging our own values.

The craze for western culture and the blind imitation of their cultural values has pushed our youth off the modest righteous track. The evils, so far unknown to the East, are now rampant everywhere here. The cinema in itself is a boon if it is not used for evil purposes or promoting vices, nakedness, and immodesty. It should be used to promote our own cultural values and moral standards. It should raise our favourite social structure to the climax and not raze it to the dust.

Air Pollution Essay

Air Pollution Essay

Pollution is the contamination of earth‘s environment with materials that interface with human health, the quality of life or the natural functioning of the ecosystem. Although some environmental pollution result of natural cause such as volcanic eruption, most are caused by human activities. Air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution are some of its major types.

Air pollution is a worldwide problem. It is the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment which can occur naturally or artificially. Air pollution is a dangerous threat caused by many different productions such as car exhaust, nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2, No3) and sulphur oxide (SO2)

The first major cause of air pollution in car exhaust about which lead to about 45% to 50% of the total air pollution. It is formed due to the production of unburned fuel in the form of oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons. These black gases produced by automobiles and industries may cause many health problems, such as asthma or in extreme cases, could eventually lead to difficulty in breathing. One of the hydrocarbons produced in carbon monoxide (CO) which is one of the most dangerous gases resulting in many health problems. It also affects children mostly by making them handicapped as it affects young people‘s brains. The second major cause of air pollution is nitrogen oxides. Nitrogen oxide is one of the harmful gases which is produced into the atmosphere due to various human activities like burning of fuel. NO is very dangerous when combined with rainwater, it forms nitrogen trioxide (NO3) which is acidic and causes a change in the soil pH.

Sulphur dioxide (SO2) also adds to air pollution. It is emitted due to the burning of sulfur-containing fuels such as coal, fossil fuels, etc. Exposure to high concentration SO2 may result in different breathing problems.

Besides these harmful gases increasing the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) is also posing a threat to life as it causes greenhouse effect which has resulted in global warming.

Finally, the causes of air pollution can be many to name, but many of them can be reduced by humans by reducing the activities which produce these harmful gases.




Independence Day is, of course, a red-letter day in the history of the largest democracy in the world. It is a national festival celebrated to commemorate the independence of India at midnight on 15th August 1947 after about two hundred years of slavery, suppression, and suffering. It is celebrated with pomp and show all over the country. There is rejoicing and merrymaking everywhere. When we celebrate it by hoisting the flag, fervently playing our National Anthem, distributing candy, we need to sail back into the past to remember and honor our nation’s builders. The festival is celebrated in the national capital Delhi, state capitals, district headquarters, schools and colleges where the leaders address congregations to highlight the importance of the day. Tributes are paid to the freedom fighters. National and state-level gallantry awards are conferred on the people who showed bravery and courage during the previous year.

In Delhi, the Prime Minister addresses the nation from the historic Red Fort. It is broadcast and telecast live.

The Independence Day

The Independence Day

This day is observed as a public holiday. Public and private offices, educational institutions and business establishments remain closed to celebrate the festival. It is celebrated elsewhere in the world by Indians and also by the embassies of India in foreign countries.
We are fortunate enough to have been born in free India. We have the chance to inhale the fresh free air since our birth to the world. If we wish to know the aches of the misery of being slaves under the British rule, we should ask our older folks born before 1947. It was, in reality, a mountain task for each Indian those days to battle against those giant goliaths – the British rulers. We should not permit those difficult occasions and battles blur away from our memories. Therefore, it is befitting for us to celebrate such national celebrations and review those chivalrous deeds of our National legends. We recollect them today. Right from Mahatma Gandhi to the local patriotic leaders we owe our appreciation. When we pay our homage to those legends who sacrificed their valuable lives for our benefit we pledge that the freedom we obtained because of them shall stain or ruin in future. At the same time, we should not overlook the common people who sacrificed their lot for the great cause. There were peasants, landowners, businessmen teachers, scholars, writers and students who helped the country accomplish the long-cherished freedom.

The Independence Day speach

National Flag

Today we have progressed significantly in the path of free India. We have substantiated ourselves worthy of freedom. We are considered as the biggest vote democracy on the planet. How glad we were when Abhinav Bindra made our National Flag dance and Jana Gana Mana’ played at the background in Beijing? We are pleased with it and feel cheerful about all these positive things. But, would we say we are ignorant about the dark encompassing us? Is it accurate to say that we are successful in utilizing our freedom in the correct way? If this is true, then for what reason there is such huge numbers of bomb blasts, killings, assaults on government offices, cases against such huge numbers of lawmakers? Indeed what can a student do at this juncture? Would it be advisable for us to proceed to catch up the terrorists? Would it be a good idea for us to battle against the corrupt government officials? Or on the other hand, would it be a good idea for us to assume control over the nation and wage another war for freedom? No, we are not expected to do all these things. We must keep watching things happening around us. We will have our very own day. Prior to that, let us carry out our responsibility of setting ourselves up to be enlightened citizens of tomorrow. Let us provide ourselves an opportunity to carry out our obligations towards the nation and study hard to achieve the goal. Today we require the youth with a great deal of information and energy. Ignorance is the principal enemy for a democratic country. Let us remove illiteracy and take India to a splendid future.

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Independence Day essay

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Undoubtedly, the modern age is the age of electricity. Life without the blessing of electricity would be all drab and dull. Electricity is one of the greatest wonders and blessings of science. It has proved the magic lamp of Alladin for us today. It has practically revolutionized the world. It has proved the basis for human progress and prosperity. The standard of progress of a nation and its industrial advancement is directly related to the quantity of electricity it generates. It is the key component to present-day innovation and without it, a large portion of the things that we utilize each day just couldn’t work, and could never have been made. Our cell phones, our computers, the Internet, our warming frameworks, our TVs, and our electric bulbs – almost everything totally depends on the electricity.

Importance of electricity


The wonders of electricity can be seen everywhere. It has brought about many favourable changes in our life. It lights our homes, offices, villages, towns, and cities. Our food is cooked, clothes are washed utensils cleaned and rooms swept.

In the extremely hot summers when it is suffocating in and out, electric fans refresh us with their cool breeze. During the spell of biting cold in winters the electric heaters warm our rooms to make us comfortable.

Electricity runs our small and big industrial units. These days almost all the mills and factories are run by means of electricity. The advancement in agriculture also owes it‘s essence to electricity. We irrigate our vast lands by electric water pumps. Agriculture-related industries are run by electricity.

It has also being used in the treatment of many diseases. The electric battery is used to treat nerve diseases. The X-ray and other related detectors help to locate the disease.

In fact, modern society would be extremely different. Imagine how different things without the Internet would be today. The World Wide Web has had an enormous impact on our life. It has made everyone more conscious of the globe in which they reside, and it has enabled them to learn about our environment and learn more about how everything works in modern society. It is our gateway for knowledge and enables us to find out almost anything in a matter of seconds. So electricity has made us an incredibly smart and conscious society.

To conclude, I shall write that the wonders and uses of electricity cannot be counted. Human civilization might coX-ray a sudden halt in the absence of electricity. We need to develop and harness it if the dream of a prosperous world has to be made a reality.

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Model Essay On Cow For Students

Cow Essay 1 (200 words)

The cow is a domestic animal. It is a most important pet animal and many people keep it in their house for many purposes. It gives milk. Its milk is very healthy and nutritious food called milk. The milk is used to make butter, curd, cheese, cream, other many other dairy products. The cow also gives cow dung which is a useful thing for farmers. The farmers use the cow dung as manure in their crop fields. This increases their harvest. It is not a wild animal. It is tamed in many parts of the world. It is a sacred animal. Everyone regards cow like a mother. The cow is worshiped in India as a goddess since time immemorial. People in India brings her at home as a Dhan Lakshmi. The cow is considered as the holiest animal among all the animals. It is found in many varieties differentiating in the shape, sizes, and colours, etc. It has a large body, four legs, four teats, two horns, and a long tail. It has a wide and long body. It is humble and calm animal. The cow eats green grass, hay and food grains. We shall take good care of cows.

Essay on cow

Cow Image

Cow Image

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Cow Essay 2 (400 words)

God has bestowed us with many blessings. One of them is the cow. The cow is a useful and important animal. It is domesticated for various purposes by people in many parts of the world. It is gentle and calm by nature.

The cow has an enormous body. It has four legs, four teats, two horns, two ears, two eyes, and one long tail. In addition, it has one big nose, one big mouth, and one head. Its back is long and wide. It is found in various shapes, sizes, and colours. It is typically dark, white or brown in colour.

The cow gives milk which is healthy and nutritious. Milk is an important part of diet almost for everyone. It is very useful for growing children, weak people, and patients. It contains many essential nutrients such as calcium, protein, iodine, potassium, phosphorus, and vitamins B2 and B12. It is used to make many products such as butter, curd, cheese, cream, and many other dairy products. It has great commercial value.

The cow also provides many other useful things. Its cow dung is a very helpful thing for farmers. The farmers use cow dung as manure in their crop fields. It increases the production of their crops. Cowdung is also used as fire fuel in traditional chullas in many parts of the world. The cow is also tamed for meet and leather. The young one of the cow is called calf. After the cow dies, its skin is used to make bags, wallets, shoes, etc, and its bones are used in making buttons, combs, knives and similar other useful articles.

In India, the cow is considered a religious animal. In India, it is ritual and custom to worship Cow. Cow’s milk is used in the pooja, Abhishek and other holy purposes. The cow is called by everyone as Gou Mata ( Mother cow) to give her mother like status in the Hindu religion. The cow is the favourite animal of Lord Krishna. Its body is considered as the abode of many gods. So, it is a holy animal. Now it has become a political animal in India. Many people are of the opinion that it should be made a national animal of India. In many states of India, its killing is illegal.

The cow is a herbivore. It eats green grasses, food grains hay and other things. We should take good care of the cow and give her good quality of food and clean water. It is indeed a beautiful blessing.

Essay on cow

Cow Picture

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My School Laboratory Essay


We are living in the world of science and technology. So, the need to understand scientific concepts and theories is extremely great. In response to this dire need, facilities for the study of physical sciences have been given great extension in both the higher and lower centers of education. But to understand the modern scientific concepts we can not do without a well-equipped laboratory. It‘s necessary that an educational institute has a good laboratory to cater to the needs of the students.

Our school is well known for imparting quality education, especially in science stream. The credit for this fame goes to our expert science teachers and the available sophisticated fine laboratory.

Our school laboratory is located in the third storey of the school building. It comprises of three separate halls specified for three main branches i.e. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Each hall is quite spacious (big) to accommodate fifty students at a time. The halls are well ventilated and have a very good lighting arrangement. These are well electrified to meet the students, demands. The system is designed to cater for individual and group work.

Our laboratory is equipped with the most modern, standard and sophisticated equipment. The apparatuses are available in abundance. The chemicals and specimens available are always fresh and latest. Every scientific concept is clarified in the laboratory by our highly educated teachers. Occasionally, expert scholars and scientists are invited to demonstrate the latest concepts. It has helped in developing a scientific approach among young scholars.

I wish our laboratory be given further development and expansion so that it proves a source of inspiration for other educational institutions to establish such ideal laboratories.

My School Library Essay


Bread and butter may satisfy our biological hunger, but to quench the intellectual thirst we have to rely upon the storehouse of knowledge where one can get the brimming bowls of knowledge i.e. a huge collection of books, journals, newspapers, etc. What else than a library can prove such a storehouse?

A library is a room or building that holds together books, pamphlets, magazines, newspapers, cassettes, and videos. These products are called the inventory of the library. You can find all types of information in the inventory. A library might be big or tiny. Some people believe that libraries need to be big to operate well, but that is not the case. There are fewer than 200 books in many secondary schools and even fewer in most primary schools. To make the greatest use of school books you need to closely organize them, and setting up a library is the best way to do that.

Being reputed in catering to the all-round needs of its students, my school affords a full-fledged library for the benefit of its students and teachers. It contains books on English, Mathematics, Physical Science, Social Science, Urdu Persian, and Arabic. It has books on travel and adventure, history and geography, culture and civilization. It also possesses many storybooks, novels, general studies, books on current affairs, etc. The library room is quite spacious and airy. The almirahs containing books are arranged all along the walls. The walls of the room are decorated with portraits, charts, and maps. The photos and statues of great poets, renowned authors, historians, scientists, and national leaders give it an impressive look. There is a big and long table in the center of the room and chairs are placed all around it. Students sit and study here. There are hoardings arranged on one side which bear the writing, “Silence Please”, “Talk Less and Read Much” etc.

My school library is managed by the school librarian and an attendant. The librarian himself is a well-read person. He is a perfect gentleman He helps the students in selecting good and useful books.

My school has an optimal library room. There is perfect silence in the library room and both the students and teachers can study with ease and without any disturbance. The room is very large and airy. It has sufficient windows that provide excellent light and ventilation for reading. In the corner of the room, there are pillows and mats that have been placed for leisure reading.

My school library essay

My school library has stood in good stead to all of the students in enriching their knowledge and in developing in them quest to learn more and more.

The school administration is very much interested in the further development and expansion of the library. It is hoped that it will be a unique one in the near future. It will be a model to inspire other educational institutions to establish such ideal libraries.

In schools, the library is important to build on the interest of students in books. It is essential to provide information books which support students’ studies as well as continuing to develop students’ reading skills for life.

Winter in Kashmir Essay

Winter in Kashmir

Nature knows its course best. Every season has its own importance and utility. No season is less important than others. One season opens the smooth passage for the other to flourish.

Winter is the fourth season of the four well known seasons of Kashmir It follows autumn and lasts from December to February. It is generally considered as insignificant and treated as an unwelcome guest. The period between 22 December and 3 January is its climax.

Winter is the coldest season of the year. During this season the sun loses its heat and brightness and often remains hidden behind clouds, fog or mist. The temperature is usually around freezing point. It’s usually a cruel and an unpleasant season though it has a charm of its own.

In winter, the valley seems to be dressed in white overalls. The streets, bazaars, fields, gardens and roofs are all covered with snow. Water freezes and it is icy everywhere. Birds, beasts, cattle and other creatures are unwilling to roam about. Dogs forget their barking and crow their cawing.

As soon as winter sets in, the business hustle and bustle declines. The Govt. offices shift to Jammu. The schools and colleges remain closed in winter almost for two and a half or sometimes for three months. Sometimes due to heavy snowfall and avalanches, the valley gets cut off from the rest of the country for a long time.

Though not as charming as in spring, Kashmir is still attractive during winter. The snow-covered slopes of Gulmarg and other like places attract tourists all over the place country for skating and skiing.

Though long nights are jumpy and boring, soft and warm beds are soothing. People use “Phirans” and “Kangris” – the traditional Kashmiri weapons to fight the biting chill of the winter. Winter is a part of our climatic phenomenon. It is a blessing in disguise.

My Ambition of Life Essay

My Ambition of Life

Man is the crown of the creation on the earth. He is ever eager and ambitious to achieve new heights. Since humans are created with insurmountable and inherent individual differences, their aims and ambitions too differ. However, we can‘t lead a purposeful life is we don‘t have an aim to pursue. A man without an aim is like a traveler without any destination.

Choose the profession that is best suited to you is the advice of wise people. So, we should choose a profession after due care, caution and consultation. So far as me in concerned, since my childhood, I have always imagined myself as a doctor who is devoted to his work and has enough money. I would look upon it, not as a profession but as a mission. It is a noble and respectable job. If sincere and devoted, a doctor can do a lot of good to humanity. He is one of the most important servants of society. He has a special privilege to give his patients a new lease of life. He can rescue them from the jaws of death.

I feel extremely upset to see people suffer from varied ailments. Their moans and sobs pierce through my heart like poisonous arrows. It can‘t put up with all these pangs of misery I feel on ambers to see it. I wish I could come to their rescue and assistance. But I can‘t; doctors do it.

Besides giving you a change to serve humanity, this profession commands a lot of respect and brings along wealth also. So as a doctor I could be able to satisfy many of my need and dreams.

Motivated by such ideas and ideals I have decided to go for this profession. Besides I want to serve in rural areas where most of the doctors are reluctant to work and set an example that a doctor‘s aim should not be to earn and exploit but to serve and suffer. I am sure that with the grace of Allah, my untiring enthusiasm and good wishes of so many people, I will be able to achieve this long standing ambition of mine

Beauties of Kashmir Essay

Beauties of Kashmir

Love for beauty is an inborn trait with a man. Prettiness has served as a source of joy and thrill for the people of all times and climes. This is so because the human soul being essentially beautiful and graceful is moved by an external view of beauty. It is a case of “like attracting the like.”

Kashmir is known as the paradise on earth. The westerners call it the Switzerland of Asia. But those who have seen Switzerland find it more beautiful. It is a land of many splendors and surprises. Its scenic beauty, fruits, and flowers; its bracing climate and soothing atmosphere; its calmness and quietness provide a healing touch to the people with rundown health and aching hearts.

The beauty of Kashmir beggars description. The crystal clear and cool waters, the gentle breeze blowing through its meadows and forests, the gushing cascades, the serpentine rivers, the babbling brooks, the rippling lakes and the lofty snow-clad mountains of Kashmir prove a delicious treat to the people who visit it. Tourists visiting the valley, at the very first sight, succumb to the temptation of these idyllic scenes.

Nature has bestowed Kashmir with exciting sights and exotic land spots. Pahalgam, Gulmarg, Kukernag, Sonamarag, Harven, Nishat, Verinag and Achabal are among the famous tourist haunts, which leave you spellbound. Besides, the charming beauty, these health resorts also afford pleasures like swimming, diving, sailing, skiing, surfing, scatting, horse riding, mountaineering, fishing, trekking, and camping, etc.

Whichever way you enter Kashmir – by air or by road – the very first glimpse of its sparkling lakes, sun-bathed slopes, dark shadowy vales, and snow-covered mountain ranges are bound to captivate your heart and a Persian poet’s words, “If there is paradise on earth it is this, it is this”, Would instantly spring to your mind.

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